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Coverage of Selected Side Events at the Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011

28 November - 9 December 2011 | Durban, South Africa
 
DAILY WEB COVERAGE
 
Coverage on Friday, 2 December 2011

Participants were encouraged to target practice with the Robin Hood Tax' giant bull's eye demonstration at the margins of the UNFCCC COP 17.
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Climate Change Policy & Practice
 
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Policies for Mobilizing Nature-based Adaptation Action in Africa

Organized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
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Trevor Sandwith, IUCN, explained that adaptation responses include how to balance restoration activities and forestry issues, involving community members.
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Ronald Jumeau, Seychelles` Ambassador, highlighted the need to decrease vulnerability to climate change.
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Ana Chichava, Deputy Minister of the Environment, Mozambique, explained that family planning impacts are different in urban and rural areas, and that her country has no capacity to assist rural women on this task.

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Trevor Sandwith, IUCN, talked about IUCN projects on climate change, mountain ecosystem and development. He underscored that we are at the threshold of learning about climate change issues, such as the need for developing: networks at all levels; relationship between ecosystem and socio-economic dimensions; and connections between practice and policy. He cautioned on the critical element of time before policies will not be able to restore changes to natural systems.

Ana Chichava, Deputy Minister of the Environment, Mozambique, urged for internal and practical solutions to combat vulnerability and poverty. She underlined that local communities need to be part of designing options and implementing solutions from the beginning.

Ronald Jumeau, Seychelles` Ambassador, said that without natural resources and the environment there will be no economy in the Seychelles. He noted that the Seychelles´ Plan for Climate Change integrates climate issues into its economic national strategy based in ecosystem-based adaptation.

Youba Sokona, Africa Climate Policy Centre (UNECA), highlighted policies that support: accommodating both development and conservation; that rival pressures against nature are overcome; and that more value is attributed to conserved natural resources rather than exploited ones.

Mafa Chipeta, Mafa Chipeta, UNECA, said that restoring ecology yields economic benefits and is important for addressing poverty.

Kwadwo Asenso-Okyere, Director of Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office, said it is fundamental to: bring together policy, practice and knowledge to adapt to climate change; and scale-up projects.

Participants discussed: essential need for government policies to adapt; role of women, especially in the rural communities and the need to empower them via urgent measures; the need for Africa to continue to adapt even without international support; risks involving crop production in Africa due to climate change impacts; how to build on existing capacities in the region; need to strengthen local institutions; and the importance of finance for adaptation.

 
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Panelists discussed fast-tracking adaptation action and ways in which current land-use policies need to change to combat poverty and climate change.
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More Information:

http://www.iucn.org
Contacts:

Pauline Buffle <pauline.buffle@iucn.org>
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Open Data, Open Knowledge, Open Solutions
for Climate Change


Organized by the World Bank, Department of Cooperative Governance, South Africa and
the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery
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Pablo Suarez, Red Cross Climate Centre, shared with the room perspectives from his work on understanding humanitarian consequences of climate and change and serving the most vulnerable communities.
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Elroy Africa, Director-General Department of Cooperative Governance, South Africa, discussed the responsibilities and opportunities for government to share data in an intelligible way to enable action. He advocated for the empowerment of local level government and municipalities.

Andrew Steer, World Bank, introduced the launch of the “Apps for Climate” competition to support innovative organization of open data to create user-friendly portals for policy makers.

Hussein Farah, Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development, shared activities to promote, use, analyze, and develop joint information. He illustrated how open data systems can build resilience to regional challenges, such as drought and famine. He recommended technical facilities be put into place to assist local and national institutions to maintain and build data capacities for decision-making processes.

Bruce Hewitson, University of Cape Town, distinguished that while data is essential, it is not information and it requires interpretation and contextualization. He illustrated the gap in required skills with actual skills and limits of predictability in data interpretation. He raised the likelihood that local data is produced outside of a local context and without consideration of the impact of non-climatic factors.

Pablo Suarez, Red Cross Climate Centre, expressed gratitude for open data yet predicted the probability of: low user comprehension of data and limitations; slow delivery of benefits to the most vulnerable populations compared to the insurance sector; and lack of impact to better decision-making processes. He advocated for decision-based forecasting and forecast-based decision-making along with a participatory process to facilitate learning, dialogue and exploration.

Ali Mohamed, Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources, Kenya, explained recent institutional framework changes to launch an open government portal, aggregating previously confidential data to promote evidence-based decision-making processes. He shared the next phase of development will focus on: improving accessibility and relevance; optimizing the website; creating more awareness; and adding datasets.
In ensuing discussions, panelist: exchanged ideas on methods of including and interpreting local and indigenous traditional knowledge; heard testimony on the usability of open data in private sector; and reviewed challenges in data interpretation.

Ana Chichava, Deputy Minister of the Environment, Mozambique, welcomed open data to help decision makers be innovative and progressive.

 
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Bruce Hewitson, University of Cape Town, expressed that open data is a step forward but not an end point.
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Andrew Steer, World Bank, expressed willingness of World Bank to invest resources into creating a user-friendly portal for policy makers.

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Elroy Africa, Director-General Department of Cooperative Governance, South Africa, reviewed the responsibilities of each sector to insure that data and information be reliable, credible, open and accessible.
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More Information:

http://www.worldbank.org
http://www.climatecentre.org
Contacts:

Kanta Kumari Rigaud <kkumari@worldbank.org>
Pablo Suarez <suarez@climatecentre.org>
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Safeguards and Grievance Mechanisms in the UNFCCC –
When, Why and How?


Organized by the Center for International Environmental Law, ClientEarth, Earthjustice
and the World Resources Institute (WRI)
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Panelists brought experiences from CDM, REDD, the Green Climate Fund to discuss the need for grievance mechanisms.
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Florence Daviet, WRI, explained how issues in safeguards require focus on the development of grievance mechanisms.

Eva Maria Filzmoser, CDM Watch, showed that clean development mechanism (CDM) sustainability standards are often vague because they are determined nationally coupled with a lack in monitoring at projects´ onset. She advocated for the development of an appeal procedure that includes co-benefits and negative impacts in documentation as well strengthening the role of stakeholders.

Daniela Rey, ClientEarth, reported that although there was the development of REDD safeguard principles and the Safeguard Information System (SIS) at COP 16, a grievance mechanism is still missing.

Louise Brown, WRI, reported the current status of the draft governing instrument for the Green Climate Fund, which presents a framework for stronger accountability mechanisms, such as: environmental and social safeguards; stakeholder participation; and grievance mechanisms. She said that the decisions made by the Board during COP 17 will determine the effectiveness.

Alyssa Johl, Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), pointed out how paragraph 92 of the Cancun Agreements provides an opportunity for Parties to develop and implement a grievance process that will consider and address communications from affected peoples and communities by the implementation of measures to mitigate or adapt to climate change.

During discussion, Kristen Hite introduced a new web-based toolkit developed by CIEL to support understanding of country requirements under UNFCCC.

 
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Alyssa Johl, CIEL, expressed that although grievance mechanisms are a last resort, it is critical to consider appropriate remedies of violations and how they will be enforced.
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Eva Maria Filzmoser, CDM Watch, engaged in discussion on the gap between compliance and enforcement in international law.

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Daniela Rey, ClientEarth, clarified that stakeholder participation should entail empowerment.
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More Information:

http://www.wri.org
http://www.ciel.org

Contacts:

Florence Daviet <fdaviet@wri.org>
Alyssa Johl <ajohl@ciel.org>
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Climate-smart Agriculture – A Transformative Approach to Food Security, Adaptation and Mitigation

Organized by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
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Foua Toloa, Head of the Government of Tokelau, said: “Whatever we do is for the children, the future of our land, and our oceans.”
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Tekalign Mamo, Ethiopa Ministry of Agriculture, stressed the importance of identification of best practices from other countries through information-sharing.
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Holger Dalkman, WRI EMBARQ, stressed the importance of NAMA dialogue within national governments.
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Tekalign Mamo, Minister and Minister’s Advisor, Ethiopia, said that more than 95% of farmers in his country have adapted voluntarily to wise-farming techniques, such as: natural urea-free composting; intercropping systems; improvement of soil drainage; and abandonment of antiquated soil-burning practices.

Foua Toloa, Head of the Government of Tokelau, emphasized the island’s vulnerability to the change in climate and called for responsible stewardship. He said they have embraced adaptation and mitigation as an “informed and resilient community”, and naturally adapted their life style, but emphasized the need for recognition and the ability to engage without prejudice of its status

Carlo Scaramella, World Food Programme, stressed the focus in advocating climate-smart agriculture practices should be on improving livelihoods and maximizing the outcomes for poor people.

On smart-agriculture Peter Holmgren, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, reminded of the need to respect farmers, and said it remains very much an issue about policies and finance.

Participants recounted climate-smart examples from their own countries, such as: conservation agriculture like minimum soil disturbance, maximum soil cover, crop residues and crop rotation and association practices, agro-forestry by maintaining tree and wildlife species in conjunction with agricultural crop planting practices; composting; and rainwater harvesting.

 
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L-R: Peter Holmgren, FAO; Elwyn Grainger-Jones, IFAD; Carlo Scaramella, WFP; Tekalign Mamo, State-Minister, Ethiopa Ministry of Agriculture; Foua Toloa, Head of the Government of Tokelau; and Dyborn Chibonga, National Association of Smallholder Farmers of Malawi (NASFAM) discussed the need for climate-smart agriculture.
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TRANSfer – Germany’s Support for Developing Countries’ NAMAs
in the Transport Sector


Organized by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
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In a joint BMU-GIZ event, participants discussed transfer of climate-friendly technologies and measures in the transport sector.

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Norbert Grobißen, BMU, lamented the existing tendency to wait and see where negotiations are heading, and reiterated Germany’s commitment to supporting developing countries in their endeavor to develop and implement nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs).

Harald Diaz-Bone, GIZ, introduced the TRANSfer project and presented the handbook “Navigating Transport NAMAs” as the key output from transport case studies in South Africa, Indonesia and Columbia through training sessions, international experts consultation, and workshops.

Wolfgang Sterk, Wupperthal Institute for Climate, spoke about reducing GHG emissions from transport by: identifying which transport-related activities to avoid, and which environmental modes to shift; and improving carbon content in terms of intensity and fuel mix.

Holger Dalkman, World Resources Institute Center for Sustainable Transport (WRI EMBARQ), elaborated on opportunities for South-South cooperation on transport NAMAs. He spoke about the Large Commercial Vehicle Renovation Programme in Colombia and Mexico, and highlighted some of the challenges: lack of institutional capacity; leakage due to loopholes in regulation; the fact that funding depends on new vehicles creates large obsolete fleets; dispersed ownership; and poor transport registry.

Wendy Aritenang, Ministry of Transport, Indonesia, spoke about the need to further develop technical guidance within the transport industry of developing countries, and described the progress made in open participation among Indonesia’s transport stakeholders.

Shimane Mugeri, Department of Transport, South Africa, spoke of national transport initiatives, such as: developing a rapid public transport system, fostering of taxi stakeholder support for public transport systems; investing in the current rail system to revive interest away from freight transport; and improving non-motorized and low-carbon transport modes.

Felipe Targa, Ministry of Transport, Vice-Minister, Colombia, reiterated his government’s commitment to the climate change process. He said the main challenges in his country are: reduction of high rate of urban motorization because of economic growth; and the speed of leveraging financial support to implement the necessary changes. He stated although national transport policies have been revised and several models have been adopted to suit Colombia´s needs, a “lot more needs to be done”. He applauded the commitment from developed countries such as Germany.

During the discussion, participants debated issues, such as: fund leveraging; vertical collaboration among countries; and inconsistencies within national governments.

The session concluded with the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding between members of the Colombia Ministry of Transport and BMU.

 
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Wendy Aritenang, Ministry of Transport, Indonesia, said transformation within the transport sector would initially be focused on urban transportation.
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Shimane Mugeri, Department of Transport, South Africa, warned against donor fatigue and called for transport systems that could sustain themselves.
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Felipe Targa, Vice-Minister, Ministry of Transport, Colombia, announced his department’s intention of contributing US$500 million towards the renovation of the freight vehicle fleet.
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Related Links
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) resources
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 website
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 side events schedule
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 documents
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 overview schedule
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 daily Programme
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the Seventeenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 17)
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the seventh session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parites to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP 7)
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the Thirty-fifth session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 35)
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the Thirty-fifth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 35)
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the Resumed fourteenth session of the Ad hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA)
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the Resumed sixteenth session of the Ad hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP)
*Meetings archive

General resources
*Host country website
*Gateway to the UN System’s Work on Climate Change


IISD RS resources
*IISD RS coverage of the Fifth Global Business Day, 5 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of Mountain Day, 4 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
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*IISD RS coverage of Development and Climate Days at COP 17, 3-4 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of Oceans Day at Durban, 3 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of the Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011, 28 November - 9 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS summary report of the Thirty-fourth Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 18-19 November 2011, Kampala, Uganda (English: HTML - PDF)
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*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference Bangkok - April 2011, 3-8 April 2011, UN Conference Centre (UNCC), Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Cancún Climate Change Conference, 29 November - 11 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Cancún Climate Change Conference, 29 November - 10 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of the Cancún Global Business Day, 6 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS summary report of Development and Climate Days at COP 16, 4-5 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS summary report of Agriculture and Rural Development Day 2010, 4 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico (HTML - PDF)
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*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - August 2010, 2-6 August 2010, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - May/June 2010, 31 May - 11 June 2010, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - April 2010, 9-11 April 2010, Bonn, Germany (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, 7-19 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, 7-19 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
*IISD RS coverage of the Barcelona Climate Change Talks 2009, 2-6 November 2009, Barcelona, Spain
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Barcelona Climate Change Talks 2009, 2-6 November 2009, Barcelona, Spain
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-first Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 26-29 October 2009, Bali, Indonesia (English: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Technical Workshop on Advancing the Integration of Approaches to Adaptation Planning, 2-14 October 2009, UN Conference Centre (UNCC), Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Bangkok Climate Change Talks - 2009, 28 September - 9 October 2009, UNCC, Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - August 2009, 10-14 August 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - June 2009, 1-12 June 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Bonn Climate Change Talks - June 2009, 1-12 June 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirtieth Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 21-23 April 2009, Antalya, Turkey (English: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - March/April 2009, 29 March - 8 April 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary report of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Workshop on Integrating Practices, Tools and Systems for Climate Risk Assessment and Management and Disaster Risk Reduction Strategies into National Policies and Programmes, 10-12 March 2009, Havana, Cuba (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference - Poznań, 1-12 December 2008, Poznań, Poland
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Poznań Climate Change Conference, 1-12 December 2008, Poznań, Poland
*IISD RS archive of meetings on climate change, and backgrounder
*Climate-L - A mailing list for news on climate change policy
*Climate Change Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing Global Climate Change Policy
*Sustainable Development Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of International Activities Preparing for the UN Conference on Sustainable Development
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*African Regional Coverage
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