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Coverage of Selected Side Events at the Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011

28 November - 9 December 2011 | Durban, South Africa
 
DAILY WEB COVERAGE
 
Coverage on Monday, 28 November 2011

Jacob Zuma, President of the Republic of South Africa, visiting the African Pavillion at the UNFCCC COP 17.
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ENB coverage
Climate Change Policy & Practice
 
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EU-Africa Scientific Cooperation on Climate Change

Presented by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Research and Innovation
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Etienne Coyette, European Commission, highlighted areas of priority in partnerships between EU and Africa as energy, climate change and scientific partnership.
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Luca Perez, EC, stated that the role of science cannot be understated.
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Christiane Gerstetter, Ecologic Institute, shared how CLICO is working to study the relationship between climate change and human security and conflict.
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Luca Perez, European Commission (EC), presented successful scientific cooperation between the EU and Africa, focusing on the relationship among climate change and water, health and adaptive strategies. Perez summarized the Framework Programme, a seven-year project jointly managed by the EU and 14 associated countries.

Etienne Coyette, EC, shared experiences on progress achieved and pointed to science as key to overcoming challenges such as speeding-up implementation, providing concrete results, and mobilizing stakeholders.

Antonio Bombelli, Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change (CMCC), underlined the importance of focusing studies in Africa. He shared ClimAFRICA’s objectives to improve information and tools regarding adaptation and action through enhanced scientific cooperation and capacity development.

Joseph Nzau Mutemi, IGAD Climate Prediction and Application Centre, welcomed the increase in governments´commitments on the food crisis and increasing support for climatic outlooks in real time.

Jean-Marie Kileshye Onema, WaterNet, bridged the connection between climate change and economic challenge, ecosystem decline, and human development. He noted the development of a framework for monitoring and predicting a timely warning system to increase long-term resilience. He summarized WaterNet projects and initiatives, such as development of tools for water management and drought mitigation, and addressing human welfare and agricultural drought.

Christiane Gerstetter, Ecologic Institute, explained that Climate Change, Hydro-conflicts and Human Security (CLICO) is carrying out case studies in 11 countries for: addressing the relationship among climate change and conflict and human security, in a mutually beneficial collaboration; exchanging local context, knowledge of networks, and access to data.

David Taylor, Trinity College Dublin, drew attention to the impact of climate change on human health. He introduced the Healthy Futures project which aims to provide science-based support for human and animal health in order to boost adaptive capacity.

Jacques Andre Ndione
, Quantifying Weather & Climate Impacts (QweCI) on Healthy Futures, illustrated how effective increased understanding can improve response time.

Nebo Jovanovic, ESIR Stellenbosch, introduced the work of EUA4FOOD, aimed to address the challenge of growing more food with higher crop yield and less resources on the same land. Jovanovic articulated that past challenges in technology transfer can be avoided with a bottom up approach and innovation.

Martha Bißmann, WIP Renewable Energies, briefly introduced a new project called AfriCAN Climate, which works to disseminate existing research and improve accessibility of knowledge on a web-based interactive platform.

 
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David Taylor, Trinity College Dublin, pointed out how better understanding of links between environment and disease can raise adaptive capacity.
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The Mandate and Activities of the Consultive Group of Experts

Organized by Organized by UNFCCC Secretariat
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L-R: Jigme, UNFCCC Secretariat, Sangchan Limjirakan, CGE Chair (Thailand), Fernando Farias Elies, CGE member (Chile), Patience Damptey, CGE member (Ghana), Emmanuel Dlamini, CGE member (Swaziland), Matti Numeling, CGE member (Finland)
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Sangchan Limjirakan, Consultive Group of Experts (CGE) Chair (Thailand), recalled that COP15 decided to reconstituted the CGE for a period of three years (2010-2012). She noted that CGE provides technical advice and support for enhancing the capacity building of non-Annex I Parties to: prepare national communications (NC); and provide recommendations on elements to be considered in a future revision. She concluded that: the CGE mandate was ambitious and many areas have not been covered yet; timely resource availability enables timely implementation of planned activities; CGE provided useful technical input to non-Annex I Parties in preparing NCs; GCE continues to liaise with other expert groups and institutions.

Patience Damptey, CGE member (Ghana), highlighted CGE activities for fulfilling its mandate, such as: reviewing and updating CGE training materials; conducting workshops; collecting information via surveys; and preparing technical paper. She noted that CGE is planning for 2012 a number of workshops in Asia, Africa and Latin America and Caribbean Regions, which will have the possibility of on-line remote participation.

Fernando Farias Elies, CGE member (Chile), highlighted discussions on a workshop in Antigua and Barbuda (21-23 March 2011) and exchanged views on possible elements to be considered in a future revision of the UNFCCC guidelines for the preparation of non-Annex I Parties National communications. He noted that such recommendations were forwarded to SBI34, who encouraged parties to take such recommendations in future reviews. He underscored that the survey carried out by GCE enabled it to identify areas of technical problems and constraints and provide recommendation on how to address such problems and constraints.

Matti Numeling, CGE member (Finland), said that CGE recommendations related to institutional, financial, Greenhouse gases (GHG) inventory software, and cross-cutting issues such as capacity building and training. Some recommendations of the workshop were: common challenges and best practices options available to non-Annex I Parties; key elements for facilitating the development and long-term sustainability of the NC processes. He highlighted the importance of continuing the training of non-Annex I Parties' staffs. Numeling underscored the importance of informing and motivating the private sector to carry out GHG inventories. He noted that many countries have already produced their second NC and advised countries to look at their neighbors´ NCs and promote south-south cooperation.

Emmanuel Dlamini, CGE member (Swaziland), noted the need to integrate climate change issues to the countries´environmental policies and point out relevant mitigation and adaptation measures for each country. He highlighted the CGE provides technical advice upon request with information on existing bilateral, regional and multilateral sources of financial and technical assistance to facilitate and support the preparation of NC by non-Annex I Parties.

 
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Sangchan Limjirakan, CGE Chair, said that non-Annex I Parties are still facing both tech and financial challenges in preparing their NCs.
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Emmanuel Dlamini, CGE member (Swaziland), said that CGE is an ongoing activity.
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Mati Numeling, CGE member (Finland) reported on implementing CGE mandates.
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More Information:

http://www.ec.europa.eu/research
http://www.www.waternetonline.org
Contacts:

Uazamo Kaura <ukaura@unfccc.int>
Sangchan Limjirakan <lsangcha@chula.ac.th>
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Capturing the State of the Climate System through
International Collaboration


Organized by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
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Michael Brewer, NOAA Satellite and Information Service, said the 2010 Report identified two climate patterns: el Niño/la Niña and arctic oscillation that had profound effects.
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Jessica Blunden, NOAA, appeared in a video presentation to introduce the State of the Climate Report for 2010 and its major elements. She said the existing mechanisms for collaboration are essential to the success of the Report.

Michael Brewer, NOAA Satellite and Information Service, said the Report is the most comprehensive global climate information available and that monthly updates can be accessed on the internet. He shared that the purpose of the Report is to survey the changing state and the behavior of the physical climate system and our capacity to observe it. He said the Report includes annual climate for more than 120 countries and territories across the globe. Brewer underlined that the Report includes dozens of variables in five major topics: global climate, global oceans, the tropics, the Arctic and Antarctica. He said the Report uses 41 of the 50 essential climate variables (ECVs) available, such as: air temperature, GHG emissions, Earth radiation budget, water vapor and aerosols; snow and ice cover, glacier and ice sheets; and sea surface temperature, salinity and currents. Brewer informed that the Report was written by a number of authors from 45 nations on six continents. He spoke about the geographical distribution of notable climate anomalies and events occurring around the world in 2010.

Derek Arndt, NOAA and the Report´s lead editor joined the discussion via Skype and encouraged increased participation of African authors and editors.

In the ensuing discussion, participants urged for increasing the participation of African voices; and Brewer clarified that this technical report serves strictly as a scorecard of what is happening and not as a prediction service.

 
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Michael Brewer, NOAA Satellite and Information Service, presenting climate models and trends in Africa.
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More Information:

http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov
Contacts:

Michael Brewer <Michael.J.Brewer@noaa.gov>
Jessica Blunden <Jessica.Blunden@noaa.gov>
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Improving Regional Cooperation for Mitigation and Adaptation to Drought

Organized by the US Delegation
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Mannava Sivakumar, WMO, lamented the absence of national drought policies which will lead to proactive undertakings.
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Recalling the wildfire season in Texas caused by the worst possible drought in US history and referring to the partnerships with the Australian government after the multi-year droughts between 2001 and 2007 as well as the worst drought in 60 years in the Horn of Africa, Michael Brewer, NOAA, emphasized the increase in drought severity worldwide. He explained the use of different drought indicators, underscoring the intensification of droughts around the world. Brewer demonstrated the need for improved cooperation, understanding and education to develop an early warning system. He introduced the US drought portal web page as a global monitoring tool combining global remote sensing elements to promote capacity building and to provide a tool for water resource management. He concluded by calling for mitigation strategies for the impacts of drought worldwide.

Mannava Sivakumar, World Meteorological Organization (WMO), called for the composition of national drought policies, and suggested steps toward formulation of these policies. He said the absence of a coordinated drought policy leads to crisis management and single agent actions which cannot individually solve the global issue of drought. He emphasized the need for: local incentives, research priorities based on research results that address local needs, service delivery coordination, risk management that is properly addressed and improved stewardship, and recognition of the need for a safety net of emergency relief. He introduced the Compendium of Desirable Elements in National Drought Policy through which countries are encouraged to develop local mitigation strategies. He lamented the fact that only Australia possesses a drought policy, and called for an emphasis on proactive actions and new approaches to develop common understanding, varied approaches and a national framework. To a question about which actions to undertake, he grouped the policies into monitoring, assessment, and relief and response actions and concluded that the time for action is ripe.

 
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NOAA and WMO gave a joint presentation on possible improvements to regional cooperation in mitigating droughts worldwide.
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More Information:

http://www.noaa.gov
http://www.wmo.int

Contacts:

Michael Brewer <Michael.J.Brewer@noaa.gov>
Mannava sivikumar <msivakumar@wmo.int>
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Question and Answer session with the Joint Implementation
Supervisory Committee (JISC)


Organized by the UNFCCC Secretariat
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Andrew Howard, UNFCCC Secretariat, Mohammed Quamrul Chowdury, JISC Chair and Wolfgang Seidel, JISC Vice-Chair reported on progress made by the Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee.
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Mohammed Quamrul Chowdury, JISC Chair summarized the progress made by the JISC. He spoke about the current two tracks involving national and international oversight and called for streamlining this auditing process. He commented on the phenomenal growth in project submissions from many countries, which has resulted in reductions of more than 10 million tons of carbon. He emphasized the need for a measurable and transparent transition after 2012 and said that JISC looks forward to receiving more guidance from the parties attending COP17 as JI is at a crossroads.

Wolfgang Seidel, JISC Vice Chair, spoke about the recommendations from the Committee, including: merging the two tracks to have an unified one; creating a new governing body to oversee the JI process; setting standard procedures and providing a minimum set of rules; harmonizing procedures while still allowing domestic flexibility; and unifying the accreditation process for auditors. He identified key requirements of COP17 to develop: rules regarding JISC after 2012; and JISC guidance issuance in case there is no second commitment period.

In response to questions from the floor, Andrew Howard, Secretary to the CDM Executive Board and JISC member, reiterated the need for a smooth transition to any new JI operational model. He emphasized that new guidance would not apply retroactively and called for a continuation of issuance from CP1 AAUs/RMUs be allowed. He stressed the use of JI as a policy tool that can be used both for international and domestic purposes.

Several participants called for clarification of the future position of JISC and questioned the practicality of continuing the mechanism if no second commitment period was agreed.

 
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Andrew Howard, UNFCCC Secretariat, responded to questions from participants.
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Wolfgang Seidel, Vice-chair outlined the recommendations made by JISC to ensure smooth transition.
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Mohammed Quamrul Chowdury, JISC Chair, said that 2011 had been a very productive year in which the mechanism has been placed on a firm footing.
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More Information:

http://ji.unfccc.int
Contacts:

Michael Brewer <ahoward@unfccc.int>
Mohammed Quamrul Chowdury <JI-info@unfccc.int>
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Related Links
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) resources
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 website
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 side events schedule
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 documents
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 overview schedule
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 daily Programme
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the Seventeenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 17)
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the seventh session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parites to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP 7)
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the Thirty-fifth session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 35)
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the Thirty-fifth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 35)
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the Resumed fourteenth session of the Ad hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA)
*Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011 agenda and documents for the Resumed sixteenth session of the Ad hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP)
*Meetings archive

General resources
*Host country website
*Gateway to the UN System’s Work on Climate Change


IISD RS resources
*IISD RS coverage of the Fifth Global Business Day, 5 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of Mountain Day, 4 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of Forest Day 5, 4 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of Development and Climate Days at COP 17, 3-4 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of Oceans Day at Durban, 3 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS coverage of the Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011, 28 November - 9 December 2011, Durban, South Africa
*IISD RS summary report of the Thirty-fourth Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 18-19 November 2011, Kampala, Uganda (English: HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference October 2011, 1-7 October 2011, Panama City, Panama
*IISD RS briefing note of the 4th Meeting of the Transitional Committee for the Design of the Green Climate Fund (GCF), 16-18 October 2011, Cape Town, South Africa (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference June 2011, 6-17 June 2011, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary report of the UNFCCC Workshop on Technology Needs Assessments, 1-2 June 2011, Bonn, Germany (English: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-third Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 10-13 May 2011, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference Bangkok - April 2011, 3-8 April 2011, UN Conference Centre (UNCC), Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Cancún Climate Change Conference, 29 November - 11 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Cancún Climate Change Conference, 29 November - 10 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of the Cancún Global Business Day, 6 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS summary report of Development and Climate Days at COP 16, 4-5 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS summary report of Agriculture and Rural Development Day 2010, 4 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS summary report of Oceans Day at Cancún, 4 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-second Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 11-14 October 2010, Busan, Republic of Korea (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Tianjin Climate Change Talks - October 2010, 4-9 October 2010, Tianjin, China
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - August 2010, 2-6 August 2010, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - May/June 2010, 31 May - 11 June 2010, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - April 2010, 9-11 April 2010, Bonn, Germany (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, 7-19 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, 7-19 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
*IISD RS coverage of the Barcelona Climate Change Talks 2009, 2-6 November 2009, Barcelona, Spain
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Barcelona Climate Change Talks 2009, 2-6 November 2009, Barcelona, Spain
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-first Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 26-29 October 2009, Bali, Indonesia (English: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Technical Workshop on Advancing the Integration of Approaches to Adaptation Planning, 2-14 October 2009, UN Conference Centre (UNCC), Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Bangkok Climate Change Talks - 2009, 28 September - 9 October 2009, UNCC, Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - August 2009, 10-14 August 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - June 2009, 1-12 June 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Bonn Climate Change Talks - June 2009, 1-12 June 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirtieth Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 21-23 April 2009, Antalya, Turkey (English: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - March/April 2009, 29 March - 8 April 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary report of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Workshop on Integrating Practices, Tools and Systems for Climate Risk Assessment and Management and Disaster Risk Reduction Strategies into National Policies and Programmes, 10-12 March 2009, Havana, Cuba (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference - Poznań, 1-12 December 2008, Poznań, Poland
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Poznań Climate Change Conference, 1-12 December 2008, Poznań, Poland
*IISD RS archive of meetings on climate change, and backgrounder
*Climate-L - A mailing list for news on climate change policy
*Climate Change Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing Global Climate Change Policy
*Sustainable Development Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of International Activities Preparing for the UN Conference on Sustainable Development
*SIDS Policy and Practice - A Knowledgebase on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States
*Biodiversity Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing International Biodiversity Policy
*Linkages Update - Bi-weekly international environment and sustainable development news
*African Regional Coverage
*Latin America and Caribbean Regional Coverage
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