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Cancún Climate Change Conference

Coverage of Selected Side Events at the Cancún Climate Change Conference

29 November - 10 December 2010 | Cancún, Mexico


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Ceiling of flags inside the Cancunmesse, the side events venue.

Coverage on Monday, 6 December 2010
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Funding the Future? Establishing a Fair Climate Fund in Cancun

Presented by Oxfam International and the Global Campaign for Climate Action
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L-R: Cate Owren, WEDO; Evans Njewa, Malawi; Tim Gore, Oxfam; Alex Morales, Bloomberg; Alcinda Abreu, Mozambique; and Judith McGregor, UK.
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This event discussed the urgency of defining a new and fair global climate fund at COP16 that will help developing countries adapt to climate changing.

Alex Morales, Bloomberg, summarized the status of climate financing in the Copenhagen Accord and the commitment by developed countries to contribute to the Green Climate Fund under the Accord.

Florina Lopez, Panama, said adaptation in Panama needs the support of government through human resources and funding.

Tim Gore, Oxfam International, presented a civil society statement, signed by more than 200 NGOs, calling for a fair global climate fund at COP16. He urged Ministers arriving in Cancún to allocate 50% of a new climate fund to adaptation. He said a new fund should, among other things, be more accessible and that “women should be at the heart of it.”

Alcinda Abreu, Mozambique, lamented that although women in Mozambique are economically active and are involved in the agricultural sector, they “are given no economic value.” She said a new funding mechanism should consider the gender division of labor of women, men, girls and boys.

Judith McGregor, UK, outlined three key elements in the UK’s climate change ambition: seeking a formal connection to UNFCCC that ensures a new fund can follow COP guidance while functioning independently; pushing for a strong balanced board with equal representations of contributors and recipients; and simplified procedures for climate finance based on “country owned” plans.

Evans Njewa, Malawi, said Least Developed Countries (LDCs) are proposing that a new climate fund come under the authority of COP. He said a standing committee should be established to govern this fund.

Cate Owren, Womens Environment and Development Organization (WEDO), said gender issues are inextricable from climate financing, stressing that funding must be balanced in gender representation. A discussion ensued.

Tim Gore, Oxfam, said a new climate fund should be focused on adaptation.
Alcinda Abreu, Mozambique urged that new funding consider agricultural adaptation measures.
Evans Njewa, Malawi, said that climate financing should be more accessible.

 

 

More Information:
http://www.oxfam.org
Contacts:
Bert Maerten (Organizer) <bmaerten@oxfam.org.uk>
 

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MDBs' Role in Scaling-up International Climate Finance

Presented by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
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L-R: Josúe Tanaka, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development; Mafalda Duarte, African Development Bank; Juan Pablo Bonilla, IDB; Alexandre Rosa, IDB; Matthias Züllner, European Investment Bank; J. Warren Evans, World Bank; and Robert Dobias, Asian Development Bank.
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This event discussed the role of multilateral development banks (MDBs) in climate finance. Alexandre Rosa, IDB, said MDBs use a broad range of instruments to fund climate activities, highlighting that they can catalyze investment from the private sector and provide technical advice and capacity support.

Josúe Tanaka, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, stressed the importance of integrating climate aspects into development strategies at the country-level, and partnerships in scaling-up climate finance. He said climate change is no longer a “special activity,” but is integrated into MDB activities. He highlighted his Bank’s wide range of climate finance instruments, including: sovereign and non-sovereign loans; development policy loans; equity investments in private companies; and guarantee and insurance products.

Robert Dobias, Asian Development Bank (ADB), noted the ADB’s 2010 strategic priorities paper. He highlighted the strategy paper’s five priorities: expanding clean energy; encouraging sustainable transport and development; managing land use for sequestration; promoting climate resilient development; and strengthening policies.

Mafalda Duarte, African Development Bank, discussed key lessons learned on climate finance. On mitigation finance, she said leveling the playing field is important through, for example, reducing fossil fuel subsidies. On scaling-up climate finance in Africa, she stressed that the use of grant-based resources to cover the added costs of development are crucial.

Matthias Züllner, European Investment Bank (EIB), stressed that climate change is mainstreamed into the EIB’s work, highlighting that 10% of the EIB’s activities address climate change. Züllner stressed the importance of private sector investment in developing country mitigation.

J. Warren Evans, World Bank, discussed changes since the Clean Energy Investment Framework was developed. He highlighted dramatic changes in climate awareness and demand among clients, and in how the MDBs work together. He stressed the need for more innovative finance in the future and for MDBs to work more closely with the UN and bilateral institutions.

A discussion ensued.

Reflecting on the role that multilateral development banks can play in climate finance, Alexandre Rosa, IDB, said climate change has become a priority for these institutions.
Mafalda Duarte, African Development Bank, called for simplified procedures, stressing that climate finance is very complex to implement, particularly in countries with limited local capacity.
J. Warren Evans, World Bank, said he has never seen the MDBs work together the way they are now on the climate change agenda.

 

 

Contacts:
Juan Pablo Bonilla (Organizer) <secci@iadb.org>
 


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Improving Resilience to Protect Human Health and
Welfare from the Adverse Effects of Climate Change

Presented by World Health Organization (WHO), International Labour Organization (ILO), Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights/Centre for Human Rights (OHCHR), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS), UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), and World Food Programme (WFP)
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L-R: Maria Neira, WHO; Sheila Sisulu, WFP; Javier Hernández Valencia, OHCHR; Carola Borja, Ecuador; and Aida Libombo, Mozambique.
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This event discussed health in the context of climate change. Maria Neira, WHO, discussed the status of health in the UNFCCC process. She said: the health sector is included in 95% of all NAPAs; 73% of NAPAs contain “health interventions”; yet only 23% of their “health interventions” are considered “adequate.” She called for enhanced efforts at the national level and said the WHO will continue working to give the health sector a presence at the UNFCCC, calling its inclusion a “common sense approach.”

On hunger, Sheila Sisulu, WFP, said the most food insecure live in areas that are already hit by climate change disasters, with the number of people at risk for hunger expected to increase by 25% by 2050. She said adaptation must ensure food availability as well as good nutrition.

Javier Hernández Valencia, OHCHR, discussed a human rights based approach to climate change. He recalled the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural rights that recognizes the human right to the “highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.”

Carola Borja, Ecuador, described national climate plans targeting water and food security and the use of a community-level, participatory approach to landscape management.

Aida Libombo, Mozambique, discussed the impacts of climate change on the health sector, classifying diarrhea, cholera and malaria as water-related issues, and the loss of food stocks as a nutritional issue. She also underscored the increased pressure on public health services.

Cristina Tirado, UN Standing Committee on Nutrition, said climate change exacerbates nutrition-related deaths, with a 20% increase in child under-nutrition expected by 2050. She proposed mainstreaming nutrition security into the AWG-LCA.
Peter Poschen, ILO, recommended: mainstreaming labor policies into the climate change agenda; developing social insurance schemes; and supporting livelihood diversification. A discussion ensued.

Maria Neira, WHO, said health can be a positive driving force for the climate agenda and a means to engage the public in finding solutions.
Sheila Sisulu, WFP, said climate change multiplies vulnerability to hunger.
Peter Poschen, ILO, discussed how climate change causes the loss of labor and changes the conditions of labor and how these effect health.

 

 

Contacts:
Marina Maiero (Organizer) <maierom@who.int>
 


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The Multiple Co-Benefits of Transformational Change

Presented by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
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L-R: Luis Gomez-Echeverri, IIASA; Kandeh Yumkella, UNIDO; Nebojsa Nakicenovic, IIASA; and Michael Obersteiner, IIASA.
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This event discussed the Global Energy Assessment (GEA) and interlinkages between energy, land use and climate change. Luis Gomez-Echeverri, IIASA, moderated the event. Kandeh Yumkella, UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), emphasized the projected high level of demographic pressure and energy demand and discussed the interlinkages between water, energy, and food needs. He underlined that new technologies and integrative public policy are necessary to make “transformational changes.”

Nebojsa Nakicenovic, IIASA, said transformational change requires a “big revolution” in thinking. He said the GEA uses energy and land use as an entry point for looking at co-benefits. He called for doubling current energy investments explaining that the co-benefits include: avoided subsidies; avoided costs of pollutions control; health benefits; and avoided climate impacts. He announced that the full GEA will be launched at the May 2011 Vienna Energy Conference.

Thomas Johansson, IIASA, described the challenges to transformative change as: the growing population's demand for energy; access to modern forms of energy; energy affordability; secure supplies; health and environmental challenges; and climate mitigation. Michael Obersteiner, IIASA, presented on bio-energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) and negative emission technologies.
He said synergistic planning of BECCS, REDD+, and food security can be achieved with an integrated land-use approach.

Ogunlade Davidson, Sierra Leone, emphasized a multidisciplinary and integrative approach to a “new energy agenda.” He explained that national approaches to climate change and sustainability can be improved by focusing on land use policy as a whole rather than targeting deforestation, and by integrating energy and agricultural planning. He emphasized that: universal energy access can be achieved in an integrative way; there are “clever” ways of reducing carbon and generating capital; and policy-cycles should be better used in decision-making.

Participants discussed various issues related to the GEA, including how it considers biodiversity issues and the relationship between bioenergy development and food security.

Nebojsa Nakicenovic, IIASA, said energy access should be a new Millennium Development Goal and advertised 2012 as the UN Year of Universal Energy Access.
Kandeh Yumkella, UNIDO, called for enhancing interlinkages between energy security, food security and water security.
Ogunlade Davidson, Sierra Leone, underscored that energy policy can no longer be a silo discipline.

 

 

Contacts:
Luis Gomez-Echeverri (Organizer)
<gomez@iiasa.ac.at>
 


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Around the Venue
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Three dimensional topographic map on exhibit.
Now you can meander through Brazil...in Mexico!

Related Links
UNFCCC resources
*Side Events & Exhibits website
*Side events schedule
*Cancún Climate Change Conference website
*Cancún Climate Change Conference overview schedule
*Cancún Climate Change Conference programme
*Cancún Climate Change Conference conference documents
*Climate Change meetings archive

General resources
*Host country website
*Gateway to the UN System’s Work on Climate Change


IISD RS resources
*IISD RS coverage of the Cancún Climate Change Conference, 29 November - 10 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of the Cancún Global Business Day, 6 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of the Development and Climate Days at COP 16, 4-5 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of the Agriculture and Rural Development Day 2010, 4 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of the Oceans Day at Cancún, 4 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-second Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 11-14 October 2010, Busan, Republic of Korea (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Tianjin Climate Change Talks - October 2010, 4-9 October 2010, Tianjin, China
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - August 2010, 2-6 August 2010, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - May/June 2010, 31 May - 11 June 2010, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - April 2010, 9-11 April 2010, Bonn, Germany (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, 7-19 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, 7-19 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
*IISD RS coverage of the Barcelona Climate Change Talks 2009, 2-6 November 2009, Barcelona, Spain
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Barcelona Climate Change Talks 2009, 2-6 November 2009, Barcelona, Spain
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-first Session of the IPCC, 26-29 October 2009, Bali, Indonesia (English: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UNFCCC Technical Workshop on Advancing the Integration of Approaches to Adaptation Planning, 2-14 October 2009, UN Conference Centre (UNCC), Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Bangkok Climate Change Talks - 2009, 28 September - 9 October 2009, UNCC, Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - August 2009, 10-14 August 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - June 2009, 1-12 June 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Bonn Climate Change Talks - June 2009, 1-12 June 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirtieth Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 21-23 April 2009, Antalya, Turkey (English: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirtieth Session of the IPCC, 21-23 April 2009, Antalya, Turkey (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - March/April 2009, 29 March - 8 April 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary report of the UNFCCC Workshop on Integrating Practices, Tools and Systems for Climate Risk Assessment and Management and Disaster Risk Reduction Strategies into National Policies and Programmes, 10-12 March 2009, Havana, Cuba (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference - Poznań, 1-12 December 2008, Poznań, Poland
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Poznań Climate Change Conference, 1-12 December 2008, Poznań, Poland
*IISD RS archive of meetings on climate change, and backgrounder
*Climate-L - A mailing list for news on climate change policy
*Linkages Update - Bi-weekly international environment and sustainable development news
*MEA Bulletin - Newsletter on key MEAs and their secretariats
*SIDS Policy and Practice - A Knowledgebase on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States
*Biodiversity Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing International Biodiversity Policy
*Climate-L.org - News and information on the actions of international organizations in responding to the problem of global climate change
*African Regional Coverage
*Latin America and Caribbean Regional Coverage
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