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ENB Coverage
Coverage of Selected Side Events at the Cancún Climate Change Conference

29 November - 10 December 2010 | Cancún, Mexico

Cancún Climate Change ConferenceDuring the sixteenth Conference of the Parties (COP 16) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the sixth Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 6), to take place from 29 November - 10 December 2010 in Cancún, Mexico, various Parties and organizations are hosting more than 200 side event sessions focused on major issues in the Convention process. Side events were initially established by the UNFCCC Secretariat to highlight diverse climate change issues in an environment different to that of the actual negotiations. Side events are generally one and a half hours in duration and often comprise panels of expert speakers followed by question and answer sessions.

Cancunmesse´s gate, one of the official venues of the COP16.
Mexican music performed at COP 16.
Coverage on Monday, 29 November 2010

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The Missing Link to Success: Women in REDD+

Presented by Norway and Women Organizing for Change in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management (WOCAN)
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L-R: Raja Jarrah, CARE International; Jeannette Gurung, WOCAN; Audun Rosland, Norway; Manohara Khadka, HIMWANTI; Carole Saint-Laurent, IUCN; and Lorena Aguilar, IUCN.
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This event discussed the role of women in successful implementation of REDD+ initiatives. Noting that gender has been overlooked in global climate policymaking, Audun Rosland, Norway, stressed that gender aspects must not be forgotten in the design of REDD+.

Carole Saint-Laurent, IUCN, said, despite the significant expansion in REDD+ initiatives, there are major gaps in how policy is unfolding, particularly with respect to women’s issues. She stated that immediate and long-term benefits can be achieved by involving women in strategy, decision-making, the distribution of benefits, and capacity building. Raja Jarrah, CARE International, emphasized that gender mainstreaming is “just good development,” and that attaching gender mainstreaming to REDD+ provides a good entry point to re-emphasize gender issues.

Manohara Khadka, Himalayan Grassroots Women’s Natural Resource Management Association (HIMWANTI) discussed gender equality and community access to forest resources and benefits in Nepal. She emphasized that a persistent challenge is elevating women from their traditional roles in using and managing forest resources to having a voice in policy and decision-making.

Vicky Tauli-Corpuz, Asian Indigenous Women’s Network, said traditional knowledge of indigenous people must be protected and integrated into REDD+ policymaking. She highlighted the important role of indigenous women in forest management. Jeannette Gurung, WOCAN, underscored the problem of women’s exclusion from global forest policy, saying that many existing REDD+ funding mechanisms have not formally recognized women as stakeholders.

Lorena Aguilar, IUCN, announced the launch of the Global Initiative on Women and REDD+. She said the Initiative aims to ensure that REDD+ efforts are more responsive to women and poverty alleviation at global and national levels. She said the Initiative will mainstream gender into global REDD+ policy and work with national ministries.

Panelists discussed various issues related to integrating gender issues into REDD+ policymaking.

 

Jeannette Gurung, WOCAN, moderated the event.
Raja Jarrah, CARE International, highlighted the challenges of making income generation through REDD+ gender sensitive.
Manohara Khadka, HIMWANTI, called for women who are forest stakeholders to also be "rights-holders."

 

 

Contacts:
Jeannette Gurung (Chair) <jeannettegurung@wocan.org>
 

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A CDM Fit for the Future:
Why is CDM Reform Needed and How Can Developing Countries Benefit?

Presented by the United Kingdom
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L-R: Pedro Martins Barata, CDM Executive Board; Steven Gray, Carbon Markets and Investors Association; Stefan Wehner, Perspectives GmbH; and Sarah Love, UK.
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This event discussed the evolution of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and how reform efforts could help increase low-income countries’ access to the CDM.

Sarah Love, UK, introduced the event, saying that reform is important for efficiency, environmental integrity, and equal access to the CDM. She pointed out that CDM reform was discussed under the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA).

Pedro Martins Barata, CDM Executive Board, said CDM reform is important to improve issues related to accreditation, project registration, certified emission reductions (CERs) and validation. He stressed the need to address concerns related to additionality and offsetting. He noted that the sixteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 14) negotiations left the CDM Executive Board with “incomplete guidance” on reform, which delayed the Executive Board’s activities. He concluded by summarizing the Executive Board’s recent efforts to, inter alia: improve transparency; develop new standards for accreditation; set new registration procedures; focus on top-down methodologies; and enhance stakeholder engagement. He emphasized that in order for the CDM to meet the two degree Celsius target, significant up-scaling is necessary on additionality and baseline calculations.

Steven Gray, Carbon Markets and Investors Association, discussed the industry perspective on standardized approaches. He said standardized baselines will make the CDM more widespread and effective in the short term, and will enable it to be scaled-up in the future. He stressed the importance of defining baselines, and he differentiated between baselines, benchmarks and emission factors. He said a baseline should include: a qualified description of the baseline; conservatively quantified baseline emissions; and a positive list of technologies or activities that are additional. He described that a number of sectors are suitable for standardization, including: household biomass; off-grid renewable energy; biodiesel; industry switching fossil fuel to biomass; and methane capture. He cited China’s use of standardization baselines as a reason for its successful CDM activities, but said that acquisition of emission factor data can be a barrier to standardization in some countries.

Stefan Wehner, Perspectives GmbH, underscored existing problems with the CDM including uneven geographic and sectoral distribution of projects, and untapped mitigation potential in the building and transportation sectors. He highlighted ways to standardize approaches, including by extending the use of default factors and including a positive list for additionality. He introduced a new pilot project entitled “Piloting Greater Use of Standardized Approaches in the CDM,” which will aim to develop practical examples of performance standards and default factors that could be applied to the CDM. He emphasized the need to develop these approaches in a way that is suited to national circumstances in the implementing country.

Panelists discussed, inter alia: limitations of and finance for small-scale projects; the potential use of international monetary standards; whether the CDM is “fit for the future”; and China’s future involvement in the CDM.

Pedro Martins Barata, CDM Executive Board, discussed progress on CDM reform.

Steven Gray, Carbon Markets and Investors Association, said successful CDM projects depend on standardized baselines.

Sarah Love, UK, chaired the event.

 

 

More Information:
http://www.dfid.gov.uk
Contacts:
Sarah Love (Chair) <s-love@dfid.gov.uk>
 

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Around the Venue
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The heat in Cancún.

Live traditional music livened up the side events venue.

Orbiting the world at the Google exhibit.

Cool beans.


Related Links
UNFCCC resources
*Side Events & Exhibits website
*Side events schedule
*Cancún Climate Change Conference website
*Cancún Climate Change Conference overview schedule
*Cancún Climate Change Conference programme
*Cancún Climate Change Conference conference documents
*Climate Change meetings archive

General resources
*Host country website
*Gateway to the UN System’s Work on Climate Change


IISD RS resources
*IISD RS coverage of the Cancún Climate Change Conference, 29 November - 10 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of the Cancún Global Business Day, 6 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of the Development and Climate Days at COP 16, 4-5 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of the Agriculture and Rural Development Day 2010, 4 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of the Oceans Day at Cancún, 4 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-second Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 11-14 October 2010, Busan, Republic of Korea (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Tianjin Climate Change Talks - October 2010, 4-9 October 2010, Tianjin, China
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - August 2010, 2-6 August 2010, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - May/June 2010, 31 May - 11 June 2010, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - April 2010, 9-11 April 2010, Bonn, Germany (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, 7-19 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, 7-19 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
*IISD RS coverage of the Barcelona Climate Change Talks 2009, 2-6 November 2009, Barcelona, Spain
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Barcelona Climate Change Talks 2009, 2-6 November 2009, Barcelona, Spain
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-first Session of the IPCC, 26-29 October 2009, Bali, Indonesia (English: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UNFCCC Technical Workshop on Advancing the Integration of Approaches to Adaptation Planning, 2-14 October 2009, UN Conference Centre (UNCC), Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Bangkok Climate Change Talks - 2009, 28 September - 9 October 2009, UNCC, Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - August 2009, 10-14 August 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - June 2009, 1-12 June 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Bonn Climate Change Talks - June 2009, 1-12 June 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirtieth Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 21-23 April 2009, Antalya, Turkey (English: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirtieth Session of the IPCC, 21-23 April 2009, Antalya, Turkey (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - March/April 2009, 29 March - 8 April 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary report of the UNFCCC Workshop on Integrating Practices, Tools and Systems for Climate Risk Assessment and Management and Disaster Risk Reduction Strategies into National Policies and Programmes, 10-12 March 2009, Havana, Cuba (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference - Poznań, 1-12 December 2008, Poznań, Poland
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Poznań Climate Change Conference, 1-12 December 2008, Poznań, Poland
*IISD RS archive of meetings on climate change, and backgrounder
*Climate-L - A mailing list for news on climate change policy
*Linkages Update - Bi-weekly international environment and sustainable development news
*MEA Bulletin - Newsletter on key MEAs and their secretariats
*SIDS Policy and Practice - A Knowledgebase on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States
*Biodiversity Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing International Biodiversity Policy
*Climate-L.org - News and information on the actions of international organizations in responding to the problem of global climate change
*African Regional Coverage
*Latin America and Caribbean Regional Coverage
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