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Cancún Climate Change Conference

Coverage of Selected Side Events at the Cancún Climate Change Conference

29 November - 10 December 2010 | Cancún, Mexico


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Windy weather
Stormy weather sets decorative flags flapping in Cancún.

Coverage on Wednesday, 1 December 2010

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Blue Carbon: Valuing Carbon Dioxide
Mitigation by Coastal Marine Systems

Presented by Conservation International (CI)
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L-R: Dorothée Herr, IUCN; Roger Ullman, Linden Trust for Conservation; Stephen Crooks, ESA PWA Consulting; and Emily Pidgeon, CI.
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This event discussed the potential for marine ecosystems to contribute to climate change mitigation. Emily Pidgeon, CI, said coastal management is essential for managing climate change and provides an effective, low cost mitigation tool. She said sea grasses, salt marshes, and mangroves store significant amounts of carbon in their sediments. She suggested that the estimated US$25 billion per year provided by coastal ecosystem services could form the basis for developing a REDD-like incentive agreement for coastal ecosystems.

Stephen Crooks, ESA PWA Consulting, said draining wetlands significantly decreases their climate sequestration capacity and can increase their carbon emissions. He said the net carbon sequestration per unit area is greater for tidal wetlands than tropical and temperate forests when sediment is included. He noted that more research is needed to fully understand wetland biochemistry, specifically, the amount of carbon absorbed and released into the water versus into the air.

Roger Ullman, Linden Trust for Conservation, presented preliminary research on the economic valuation of wetlands and blue carbon schemes. He said, assuming a price of carbon of $US20 per tonne and a discount rate of 10%, mangroves provide US$15-25,000 per hectare compared to approximately US$8,000 for tropical forests. He said this implies that wetland carbon credit schemes could be more valuable than shrimp farming.

Dorothée Herr, IUCN, emphasized that there are opportunities to link coastal wetland management to climate mitigation policy. She said REDD+ can apply to mangrove forests and that SBSTA’s guidance on degradation drivers, methodologies, and monitoring, reporting and verification standards is applicable to these ecosystems. She proposed developing a REDD-like financial mechanism for soil-based carbon storage and sequestration that can synergize with REDD+. She also suggested: looking for opportunities in Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA); including coastal management under Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF), if accounting rules are developed; and increasing support for coastal projects under the CDM.

Participants discussed, inter alia, REDD+ and the relationship between sequestration rates and sea level rise.

Emily Pidgeon, CI, announced the launch of the Blue Carbon Initiative which will focus on coastal carbon sequestration, payment mechanisms, and mitigation policy.
Roger Ullman, Linden Trust for Conservation, discussed a model for wetland carbon credits.
Dorothée Herr, IUCN, called on the IPCC to provide more guidance and guidelines on coastal management.

 

 

Contacts:
Jennifer McCullough (Organizer) <jmccullough@conservation.org>
 

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Update on IPCC Activities

Presented by WMO and UNEP Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
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L-R: Jean-Pascal van Ypersele, IPCC; R K Pachauri, IPCC; Bert Metz, European Climate Foundation; Chris Field, IPCC; and Ramon Pichs Madruga, IPCC.
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R K Pachauri, IPCC, explained that this event would provide an update on the IPCC Special Reports currently under preparation, and on activities related to the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). He updated on the InterAcademy Council review of the IPCC, explaining it aims to strengthen IPCC processes and procedures.

Chris Field, IPCC, reported on progress within Working Group (WG) II. He emphasized that AR5 must provide science that meets the highest standards and supports decision-making under uncertainty. He highlighted WG II’s stronger emphasis in AR5 on seamless integration across WGs and on social issues, such as human security and poverty.

Ramon Pichs Madruga, IPCC, reported on progress within WG III and on the forthcoming “Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation” (SRREN). He emphasized that SRREN aims to provide information on potential costs, barriers, and policy issues related to renewable technologies.

Jean-Pascal van Ypersele, IPCC, explained that AR5 will examine two clusters of cross-cutting issues related to methodologies and themes. On methodologies, he highlighted issues related to scenarios and communication of uncertainties and risks.

Thomas Stocker, reported on progress within WG I via a pre-recorded video address. He outlined the report and noted various climate impacts, including that sea level continues to rise at about 3.3 millimeters per year.

R K Pachauri, IPCC, discussed the forthcoming AR5 Synthesis Report, summarizing its approved outline and noting the Report’s important characteristics, including its strong policy relevance.

Participants discussed, inter alia, how to translate scientific information to the public.

R K Pachauri, IPCC, announced that the US$ 800,000 of prize money received by the IPCC for winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 2009 would be used to launch a fellowship program to increase climate research capacity in some countries.
Chris Field, IPCC, said WG II will provide more comprehensive treatment of regional aspects of climate change. 
Jean-Pascal van Ypersele, IPCC, highlighted cross-cutting themes, including those related to: water; ice sheets and sea-level rise; and mitigation, adaptation and sustainable development. 

 

 

More Information:
http://www.ipcc.ch
Contacts:
Renate Christ <ipcc-sec@wmo.int>
 

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Gender Into International Climate Policy:
Climate and Gender Capacity Building for Women Scholars

Presented by GenderCC - Women for Climate Justice and Colorado State University
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L-R: Gotelind Alber, GenderCC; Eunice Warue, GenderCC; Elizabeth Davis, George Washington University; Gillian Bowser, Colorado State University; and Bette Loiselle, University of Florida-Gainsville.
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This event discussed gender in climate policy and capacity building for women delegates and scholars. Gotelind Alber, GenderCC, emphasized that in 2008 there was no reference to gender in the climate policy process. She referenced the AWG-LCA draft text, which refers to “gender considerations” but noted that women are largely considerd a “vulnerable sector” rather than having a significant role in or impact on policy. Alber stressed the importance of integrating women into mitigation and finance, and suggested drawing on the global fund framework.

Eunice Warue, GenderCC, highlighted that women’s involvement in climate change differs from men’s in terms of the impacts they feel, and their: contributions to the climate problem; contributions to policy; and reaction to the impacts. She also emphasized the importance of increasing the number of qualified women delegates.

Gillian Bowser, Colorado State University, and Betty Loiselle, University of Florida, spoke about the need to build academic capacity among women in the climate sciences. Loiselle highlighted the potential for new technologies to aid scientists in translating information into knowledge for policy-makers. Bowser highlighted the recent “Six Americas” report, which illuminates that 44% of the American public is “disengaged” in climate issues and the majority of these people are women and minorities.

Participants discussed several issues, including: how to use current development funding for gender work; how to involve local women in the process; advocacy; links to the Millennium Development Goals; and networks of female university scholars. One participant mentioned that 10-15% of heads of delegations and approximately 30% of all UNFCCC delegates are female.

Gotelind Alber, GenderCC, stressed the importance of incorporating gender considerations into climate finance discussions.
Elizabeth Davis, George Washington University, moderated the event.
Stressing the dearth of women and especially women of color in the sciences, Gillian Bowser, Colorado State University, lamented that she is the only woman of color on the science faculty at her university.

 

 

More Information:
http://www.gendercc.net
Contacts:
Gotelind Alber (Organizer)
<g.alber@gendercc.net>
 

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Around the Venue
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A rainbow of hammocks for sale at the Cancunmesse.
Busy computer centers at the venue.

Related Links
UNFCCC resources
*Side Events & Exhibits website
*Side events schedule
*Cancún Climate Change Conference website
*Cancún Climate Change Conference overview schedule
*Cancún Climate Change Conference programme
*Cancún Climate Change Conference conference documents
*Climate Change meetings archive

General resources
*Host country website
*Gateway to the UN System’s Work on Climate Change


IISD RS resources
*IISD RS coverage of the Cancún Climate Change Conference, 29 November - 10 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of the Cancún Global Business Day, 6 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of the Development and Climate Days at COP 16, 4-5 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of the Agriculture and Rural Development Day 2010, 4 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS coverage of the Oceans Day at Cancún, 4 December 2010, Cancún, Mexico
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-second Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 11-14 October 2010, Busan, Republic of Korea (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Tianjin Climate Change Talks - October 2010, 4-9 October 2010, Tianjin, China
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - August 2010, 2-6 August 2010, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - May/June 2010, 31 May - 11 June 2010, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - April 2010, 9-11 April 2010, Bonn, Germany (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, 7-19 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, 7-19 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
*IISD RS coverage of the Barcelona Climate Change Talks 2009, 2-6 November 2009, Barcelona, Spain
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Barcelona Climate Change Talks 2009, 2-6 November 2009, Barcelona, Spain
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirty-first Session of the IPCC, 26-29 October 2009, Bali, Indonesia (English: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UNFCCC Technical Workshop on Advancing the Integration of Approaches to Adaptation Planning, 2-14 October 2009, UN Conference Centre (UNCC), Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Bangkok Climate Change Talks - 2009, 28 September - 9 October 2009, UNCC, Bangkok, Thailand
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - August 2009, 10-14 August 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - June 2009, 1-12 June 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Bonn Climate Change Talks - June 2009, 1-12 June 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirtieth Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 21-23 April 2009, Antalya, Turkey (English: HTML - PDF) (Spanish: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS summary and analysis of the Thirtieth Session of the IPCC, 21-23 April 2009, Antalya, Turkey (English: HTML - PDF) (French: HTML - PDF) (Japanese: PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Talks - March/April 2009, 29 March - 8 April 2009, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS summary report of the UNFCCC Workshop on Integrating Practices, Tools and Systems for Climate Risk Assessment and Management and Disaster Risk Reduction Strategies into National Policies and Programmes, 10-12 March 2009, Havana, Cuba (HTML - PDF)
*IISD RS coverage of the UN Climate Change Conference - Poznań, 1-12 December 2008, Poznań, Poland
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Poznań Climate Change Conference, 1-12 December 2008, Poznań, Poland
*IISD RS archive of meetings on climate change, and backgrounder
*Climate-L - A mailing list for news on climate change policy
*Linkages Update - Bi-weekly international environment and sustainable development news
*MEA Bulletin - Newsletter on key MEAs and their secretariats
*SIDS Policy and Practice - A Knowledgebase on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States
*Biodiversity Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing International Biodiversity Policy
*Climate-L.org - News and information on the actions of international organizations in responding to the problem of global climate change
*African Regional Coverage
*Latin America and Caribbean Regional Coverage
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