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UNFCCC Logo Eleventh session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention and first meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol
Palais de Congrès, Montréal, Canada | 28 November-9 December 2005
United Nations
 
Earth Negotiations Bulletin - ENB
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09 Dec &
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COP/MOP 1 Adopts the Marrakesh Accords

On Wednesday, delegates convened in COP and COP/MOP plenary meetings and in contact groups. The COP discussed deforestation in developing countries and the procedure for appointing an Executive Secretary. COP/MOP adopted a package of 21 decisions forwarded by the COP to operationalize the Kyoto Protocol as agreed under the Marrakesh Accords. COP/MOP also considered the report of the Executive Board of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), joint implementation, compliance, Protocol Article 3.9 (future commitments), and various other matters. Contact groups met on the financial mechanism, LULUCF, education, training and public awareness, technology transfer, adaptation, and LDCs. Above: Stéphane Dion, President of COP 11 and COP/MOP 1, gavels the adoption of the Marrakesh Accords.

Please see ENB's CBD SBSTTA-11 coverage for photos of the Joint Informal Meeting of UNFCCC/CBD on Biodiversity and Climate Change.


Wednesday, 30 November
COP 11 and COP/MOP 1


Papua New Guinea introduced a proposal on avoiding deforestation in developing countries.

Foreign Minister Pierre Pettigrew, Canada, said the Marrakesh Accords "will breathe life into the Kyoto Protocol" and provide the basis for implementation.

Sushma Gera, chair of the CDM Executive Board, presented its annual report for 2004-2005, noting "significant momentum" over the past year.

Speaking for the EU, Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia, the UK urged a prompt agreement on practical measures to operationalize Joint Implementation.

Mohammed Al-Saban, Saudi Arabia, noted its proposal to amend the Kyoto Protocol and called for an independent, legally-binding instrument.

Samy Watson, Canada, cautioned that a process to amend the Kyoto Protocol's compliance mechanism could be unpredictable.

Jose Romero, Switzerland, called for broad participation in the process on future commitments.

Harald Dovland, Norway, proposed that a 2008 deadline be set for talks on future commitments.

Yu Jie, Greenpeace, speaking for environmental NGOs, called for a "strong response" to future commitments.
Contact Groups

The contact group on the financial mechanism, chaired by Rawleston Moore, Barbados, and Karsten Sach, Germany, met throughout the morning, and informally in the afternoon, in an attempt to remove bracketed text from the draft COP decision on the Special Climate Change Fund.

The contact groups on methodologies, chaired by Audun Rosland, Norway, and Newton Paciornik, Brazil, discussed the common reporting format for LULUCF under the Convention and criteria for cases of failure to submit information relating to sinks under the Kyoto Protocol.

Chaired by Crispin D'Auvergne, Saint Lucia, the contact group on Article 6 discussed funding issues and the new information clearinghouse.
Around COP-11

Friends of the Earth International unveiled a mosaic of more than 3,000 tiles painted by people around the world, calling for acceptance of the Marrakesh Accords.

Related Links

UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
COP 11 and COP/MOP 1 Information and Documents
Kyoto Protocol information
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
UNEP Ozone Secretariat

Related ENB Coverage

Linkages Climate and Atmosphere page
ENB coverage of UNFCCC SOGE/SB 22
ENB coverage of UNFCCC COP-10
ENB coverage of Montréal Protocol MOP-16
ENB coverage of IPCC 22
ENB coverage of UNFCCC SB 20
ENB coverage of UNFCCC COP-9
ENB coverage of Montréal Protocol MOP-15

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