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UNFCCC Logo Eleventh session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention and first meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol
Palais de Congrès, Montréal, Canada | 28 November-9 December 2005
United Nations
 
Earth Negotiations Bulletin - ENB
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Agreement Reached!

On Friday, delegates to COP 11 and COP/MOP 1 heard statements from observers in the morning, followed by COP and COP/MOP plenaries. Many delegates attended a lunchtime side event hosted by the City of Montreal, at which former U.S. President Bill Clinton spoke. The meeting was adjourned from shortly after 5:30 pm until 2:47 am to allow for informal consultations on Article 3.9 of the Kyoto Protocol.

Early Saturday morning, delegates reached agreement on text for future action under Kyoto Protocol Article 3.9 (future commitments) after a compromise to take into account Russia's desire for consultations on voluntary commitments. Parties also agreed to start the process for a review of the Protocol under Article 9, with submissions being required by 1 September 2006. In addition, Parties agreed on text setting out a process under the UNFCCC on a dialogue for enhancing implementation of the Convention.

Above: COP 11 and COP/MOP 1 President Stéphane Dion, Environment Minister, Canada, was embraced by UNFCCC Acting Executive Secretary Richard Kinley after the COP and COP/MOP completed their work.

The Earth Negotiations Bulletin summary and analysis of COP 11 and COP/MOP 1 will be available on this site on Tuesday, 13 December.


Friday and Saturday, 9-10 December
Organizational Statements

Russian Federation, for the Arctic Council, encouraged Parties to consider issues related to the Arctic region in their work on mitigation and on reducing the impacts of, and vulnerability to, climate change.

Didier Coulomb, Director of the International Institute of Refrigeration, stressed the need to continue to phase out CFCs and HCFCs since these have both ozone-depleting and global-warming effects.

Claude Mandil, Executive Director, International Energy Agency, highlighted the importance of emissions trading mechanisms, energy efficiency, and technology development in a strategy to transform the world's energy systems.

On behalf of the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives, Montréal Mayor Gérald Tremblay thanked American and Australian cities for their action to reduce emissions, and emphasized local governments' commitment to reduce emissions by 80% by 2050.

Christine Milne, Vice President, The World Conservation Union, called on Parties to ensure that adequate and predictable resources are provided for the effective implementation of the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol in the first commitment period and beyond.

The International Confederation of Free Trade Unions emphasized their potential to contribute to the climate process by mobilizing millions of workers.

Speaking for women, Minu Hemmati of Women Develop Eco-techniques urged consideration of gender perspectives within the climate change process, especially in adaptation measures and projects.

On behalf of business and industry, Daniel Gagnier, Senior Vice President of Alcan Inc., reflected on the challenges involved in the transition to low-carbon economies, and highlighted the need for certainty and long-term policies to foster investment and development of new technologies.

Speaking for CAN International, Steven Guilbeault, Climate Action Network-Canada, highlighted indirect impacts of climate change and the need for adaptation, financing and multiplying opportunities for developing countries to participate in the CDM.
Former U.S. President Bill Clinton Visits COP 11 and COP/MOP 1

In his speech, Clinton praised efforts made at the local level to combat climate change, and encouraged setting more granular targets on renewable energy and other measures, rather than simply broad national targets.

After addressing delegates, Clinton met with youth delegates, and spoke with them about the economic and job-creation benefits of reducing greenhouse gases.

Clinton and Prime Minister Paul Martin, Canada, held a joint press conference, encouraging both continued US involvement in the UNFCCC process and multilateral consideration of voluntary technological measures like those proposed by the US.
Closing COP/MOP 1 and COP 11 Sessions


The Russian Federation asked that text on voluntary commitments be added to the document on Protocol Article 3.9 (FCCC/KP/CMP/2005/L.8/Rev.1).

Speaking for the G-77/China, Jamaica noted that Article 3.9 deals with legally binding commitments, and questioned how text on voluntary commitments could be accommodated.

Speaking for the EU, the UK noted that if it were not for Russia, the Kyoto Protocol would not have entered into force, and expressed regrets that Russia felt its concerns had not been addressed.

Brazil stressed that Article 3.9 deals only with Annex 1 parties, while the Russian proposal does not deal with Annex 1 parties, making it impossible to consider under Article 3.9.

Germany sincerely appealed to Russia to compromise, and promised to work with them to further discussion of mechanisms for voluntary commitments.

Speaking for AOSIS, Tuvalu expressed hopes that the proposal by Russia could be discussed under Article 9 of the Protocol.

Norway urged Russia to accept a compromise, noting that the decision would ensure there was no gap between the first and second commitment periods under the Kyoto Protocol.

During the closing COP session, Joshua Wairoto stated Kenya's intention to host COP 12 and COP/MOP 2 in Nairobi next year.

President Dion gaveled the meeting to a close at 6:16 am, Saturday, 10 December.
Around COP 11 and COP/MOP 1

Mounties with trained dogs ensured the venue was safe for today's VIPs.

The final "Fossil of the Day" awards were swept by the United States, which took all three places for Friday.

Mayor Tremblay, former President Clinton, and Prime Minister Martin chatted between events.
During the all-night session, many delegates got whatever sleep they could, by any means possible. Extra rows of chairs were put to good use.

Delegates from Saudi Arabia studied documents during the closing session.

Related Links

UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
COP 11 and COP/MOP 1 Information and Documents
Kyoto Protocol information
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
UNEP Ozone Secretariat

Related ENB Coverage

Linkages Climate and Atmosphere page
ENB coverage of UNFCCC SOGE/SB 22
ENB coverage of UNFCCC COP-10
ENB coverage of Montréal Protocol MOP-16
ENB coverage of IPCC 22
ENB coverage of UNFCCC SB 20
ENB coverage of UNFCCC COP-9
ENB coverage of Montréal Protocol MOP-15

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