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Fourth Meeting of the Ad hoc Open-ended Intersessional Working Group on Article 8(j) and Related Provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity


23 - 27 January 2006 | Granada, Spain

 

 Earth Negotiations Bulletin - ENB

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SUMMARY
 

Highlights for Tuesday, 24 January 2006



On Tuesday, delegates convened in two Sub-Working Groups (SWGs) and addressed: an international regime on access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing (ABS); genetic use restriction technologies (GURTs); an ethical code of conduct on cultural and intellectual heritage of indigenous and local communities; the composite report; sui generis  systems for the protection of traditional knowledge (TK); and indicators on TK. Delegates also met in a contact group and “friends of the Chair” group on the ethical Code of Conduct.

Above photo: Leif John Fosse (Norway) in consultation with CBD Secretariat and SWG-II Co-Chairs


SUB-WORKING GROUP I: INTERNATIONAL ABS REGIME



The IIFB, proposed that the Executive Secretary be requested to convene an international workshop to evaluate the potential impacts of the regime on TK, biological knowledge and indigenous rights, and prepare a report to be considered by both WGs.

Above photo L-R: Le'a Malia Kanehe and Debra Harry (IIFB)

CANADA informed participants of the on-going preparation of an international workshop for indigenous experts and ABS negotiations to be held in Vancouver. 



Above photo: Timothy Hodges (Canada)

Ethiopia, on behalf of AFRICA, reiterated that the Article 8(j) WG should recommend that the ABS WG address TK as a component of the international regime on ABS.



Above photo: Tewolde Berhan Gebre Egziabher (Ethiopia)



On the international ABS regime, FRIENDS OF THE EARTH-GLOBAL FOREST COALITION opposed negotiation of an ABS regime before undertaking impact studies on indigenous peoples.

Above photo: Simone Lovera (Friends of the Earth-Global Forest Coalition)

INDIA stressed that the international regime should address TK and called for disclosure of origin and of TK in patent applications.


Above photo: Sujata Arora (India)

NEW ZEALAND suggested compiling national ABS practices incorporating implementation of Article 8(j).



Above photo: Felicity Buchanan (New Zealand)


COMPOSITE REPORT:



Kiribati, on behalf of the PACIFIC SUB-REGION, supported Africa's call for deletion of all remaining references to registers.

Above photo L-R: SWG-II Co-Chair Abete-Reema reading the ENB with Kautoa Tonganibeia (Kiribati)

The EU proposed deleting a recommendation to consider the development of registers, but keeping other references to registers.

Above photo: Hermann Hansmann (EU)

GUATEMALA proposed analyzing the implications of registers as an activity of Article 8(j) WG.


Above photo: JosÚ Armando Ismalej (Guatemala)


SUI GENERIS SYSTEMS:



BRAZIL said a sui generis system should incorporate defensive protection, to safeguard TK from misappropriation, and protection from erosion at the community level.

Above photo: Hadil Fontes Da Rocha Vianna (Brazil)

The IIFB said the system should be based on customary laws, and link TK to the control of lands and resources.



Above photo:
Datu Vic Saway (IIFB)

SAINT LUCIA requested references to the UN Draft Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples



Above photo: Albert Deterville (Saint Lucia)


SUB-WORKING GROUP II: ETHICAL CODE



THAILAND suggested using the code as a pre-condition for research funding.




Above photo: Vanida Khumnirdpetch (Thailand)

AUSTRALIA suggested inviting the submission of comments, including by researchers and industry, and including them in a document for an upcoming meeting of the Article 8(j) WG.

Above photo L-R: Caroline McCarthy and Susan Jones (Australia)

Considering the code a minimum standard MAORI UNIVERSITIES – CALL OF THE EARTH said communities could enforce higher standards and the code should not apply to their internal research.

Above photo: Aroha Te Pareake Mead (MAORI UNIVERSITIES – CALL OF THE EARTH)


GENETIC USE RESTRICTION TECHNOLOGIES (GURTS):



SWG-II Co-Chair Abete-Reema (with Dan Ogolla, CBD) invited delegates to consider potential socioeconomic impacts of GURTs and propose recommendations to COP-8 on the issue.

The PHILIPPINES called for a continuing moratorium on GURTs field trials and commercialization.

Above photo: Elpidio Peria (The Philippnes)


The EU stressed the need for a precautionary approach and supported capacity building on GURTs.


Above photo: Cosima Hufler (EU)

Highlighting the overwhelming negative impacts of GURTs, BAN TERMINATOR CAMPAIGN expressed concern over two newly granted patents.

Above photo: Lucy Sharratt (Ban Terminator Campaign)

The PUBLIC RESEARCH AND REGULATION INITIATIVE (PRRI), supported further research on GURTs, with a case-by-case risk assessment of any new product. 

Above photo L-R: Allen Van Deynze and Andres Wigdorvitz (PRRI)

The FEDERATION OF GERMAN SCIENTISTS warned that GURTs do not guarantee containment.


Above photo: Ricarda Steinbrecher (Federation of German Scientists)


 

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