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Fourth Meeting of the Ad hoc Open-ended Intersessional Working Group on Article 8(j) and Related Provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity


23 - 27 January 2006 | Granada, Spain

 

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SUMMARY
 

Highlights for Monday, 23 January 2006



The fourth meeting of the Ad hoc Open-ended Intersessional Working Group on Article 8(j) and related provisions (Article 8(j) WG) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) opened in Granada, Spain, on Monday 23 January. In the morning, opening statements were followed by the adoption of the agenda and the organization of work and general statements by participants. In the afternoon, sub-working groups I and II addressed: the composite report on traditional knowledge (TK); the international regime on access to genetic resources and benefit sharing (ABS); participatory mechanisms; and an ethical code of conduct. 

Above photo L-R: Datu Vic Saway of the Talaandig Tribe lead the customary indigenous prayer during the opening plenary.


OPENING PLENARY:



Mohamad Bin Osman (Malaysia), on behalf of President of the CBD Conference of the Parties (COP), opened Article 8(j) WG-4, expressing his appreciation to Spain for hosting the meeting.

Ahmed Djoghlaf, CBD Executive Secretary, called for active participation from all citizens of the world to significantly reduce the rate of biodiversity loss. He commended the work of the Article 8(j) working group in raising the profile of indigenous and local communities in the Convention, particularly through the development of the Akwé: Kon Guidelines, and encouraged delegates to focus on enhancing the implementation of the programme of work on Article 8(j). The text of Executive Secretary Djoghlaf's statement to the citizens of the world can be found on the CBD wesbsite at http://www.biodiv.org/doc/press/2006/pr-2006-01-17-vc-en.pdf.

José Torres, Mayor of Granada, welcomed delegates to the city of Granada. He also encouraged delegates to visit the different historical attractions of the city.




Above photos L-R: Fuensanta Coves, Counselor for the Environment of Andalucia, emphasized the need to continue advancing on access to genetic resources and benefit sharing (ABS) for local communities. Leire Pajin, Spain’s Secretary of State for International Cooperation, assured her country’s continued support for the work of Article 8(j) WG, emphasizing the importance of cooperative multilateralism and noting that the participatory mechanisms achieved by WG is pioneering development in the participation of indigenous communities in other international forums. Cristina Narbona, Spain’s Minister of Environment, stressed the need for the Convention to move from recommendations to binding commitments, and called for establishing a binding international ABS regime.



Above photos: Representatives from various indigenous groups giving the customary indigenous prayer during the opening plenary.

STATEMENTS: 



The International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity (IIFB) said indigenous peoples are the holders of their knowledge, which is linked to their control of territories and resources, and cannot be preserved without recognition of their inherent and inalienable right to self-determination.

Above photo: Mariano Marcos Terena (IIFB)

Ecuador, on behalf of the Group of Latin America and Caribbean Countries (GRULAC), expressed hope that the meeting would advance development of sui generis systems and the ethical code of conduct, as well as implementation of equitable benefit-sharing.  


Above photo: Antonio Matamoros (Ecuador)

Kiribati, on behalf of ASIA AND PACIFIC REGIONAL GROUP, urged greater involvement of the private sector and NGOs in implementing Article 8(j) in developing countries.





Above photo: Tererei Abete-Reema ( Kiribati )

AUSTRALIA stressed the need to ensure intergenerational sharing of traditional knowledge.







Above photo: Geoff Burton (Australia)



The FAO highlighted several relevant initiatives, including on GURTs and globally important agricultural heritage systems.




Above photo: Niels Louwaars (FAO)

UNESCO highlighted the recent adoption of the Conventions on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and on the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.


Above photo: Douglas Nakashima (UNESCO)

The United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII) urged respect for their rights and called for their full and effective participation in the work of the CBD. 


Above photo: Parshuram Tamang (UNPFII)

Friends of the Earth and Global Forests Coalition called for full and effective integration of Article 8(j) working group into all areas of work under CBD.  



Above photo: Simone Lovera (Friends of the Earth and Global Forests Coalition)

 


SUB-WORKING GROUP I: COMPOSITE REPORT



Above photo L-R: Fred Fortier and Johan Bodegård (Sweden), Sub-Working Group I Co-Chairs

The IIFB said the report fails to address adequate measures for traditional knowledge protection.

Above photo: Esther Camac (IIFB)




EGYPT proposed an analysis of registers’ implications on future intellectual property rights of owners of traditional knowledge and possible benefit-sharing.

Above photo: Elisa Morgera (ENB) in discussion with Ossama Mohammad El Tayeb (Egypt)

CHINA said work is required on the definition, scope and classification system for traditional knowledge.


Above photo L-R: Weixue Cheng and Dayuan Xue (China)

BRAZIL reported on its national legislation on indigenous land tenure.



Above photo: Hadil Fontes Da Rocha Vianna (Brazil)


SUB-WORKING GROUP II: VOLUNTARY FUNDING MECHANISM



MEXICO stressed the need to use existing mechanisms, such as the UN Voluntary Fund on Indigenous Populations.

Above photo L-R: José Luis Real and Aida López (Mexico)
Above photo L-R: SWG-II Co-Chairs Abete-Reema (Kiribati) and Lucy Mulenkei 

COLOMBIA, noted that the establishment of the voluntary fund should not result in an increase in Parties’ statutory contributions.


Above photo: Adriana Mendoza (Colombia)

Austria, on behalf of the EU, proposed three guiding principles for identifying eligible participants: transparency, objectivity and qualification.

Above photo: Elfriede More (Austria, on behalf of the EU)

The IIFB proposed establishing a board of trustees with five indigenous representatives to oversee the fund’s operations.


Above photo: Jannie Lasimbang (IIFB)

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