Eighth Conference of the Parties  to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP-8)

20-31 March 2006| Curitiba, Brazil


Highlights for Mon
day, 27 March 2006


Delegates to the eighth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP-8) met in two working groups throughout the day. Working Group I (WG-I) considered incentive measures, environmental impact assessment (EIA), and biodiversity and climate change, and discussed draft decision on island biodiversity and dry and sub-humid lands. Working Group II (WG-II) addressed cooperation with other organizations and private sector engagement, and considered a draft decisions on access and benefit-sharing (ABS). The contact group on the financial mechanism met in the afternoon, while a contact group on island biodiversity met in the evening. Informal groups addressed indigenous participation in the ABS negotiations and retirement of decisions. The COP-8 High Level Segment opened at the Estação Embratel Convention Center.

Above photo L-R: Cristian Samper (Smithsonian Institution); AH Zakri (UNU-IAS); Marina Silva Brazil's Minister of Environment; Len Good (GEF); CBD Executive Secretary Ahmed Djoghlaf; Achim Steiner (IUCN); and UNEP Executive Director Klaus Töpfer 


HIGH LEVEL MINISTERIAL SEGMENT:


Ambassador Celso Amorim, Brazil’s Minister of External Relations, welcomed representatives to the world’s most megadiverse country and called for progress in the Convention’s implementation. 

Carlos Alberto Richa, Mayor of Curitiba (Brazil) noted the important role cities play in biodiversity conservation.

Roberto Requião, Governor of the State of Paraná (Brazil), opposed attempts to downplay government partnerships with popular movements and indigenous peoples and, stressing that transnational corporations have no commitment to nature, he called for public policy to defend the environment.



Welcoming relevant national and international initiatives, CBD Executive Secretary Ahmed Djoghlaf urged upholding the commitment enshrined in the 2010 biodiversity target.

Marina Silva, Brazil’s Minister of the Environment instilled a sense of responsibility to mainstream environmental issues into public policy, especially cross-cutting issues such as ABS. 

UNEP Executive Director Klaus Töpfer warned representatives that the poorest people cannot bear the burden of protecting nature and traditional knowledge and that the 2010 biodiversity target cannot be reached through a business-as-usual approach.


Brazil’s President Luis Ignacio Lula da Silva (above) called for adoption of an international regime on ABS, noting that biodiversity is our planet’s greatest treasure and that opposition to fair benefit-sharing is a threat to life on earth. 


WORKING GROUP I



Above photo: WG-I Chair Matthew Jebb (Ireland) 



Liberia for AFRICA favored finalization and adoption of decisions on incentive measures at COP-8. 

Above photo: Ben Turtur Donnie (Liberia)

INDIA, opposed by the EU, proposed convening an ad hoc expert group (AHTEG) on incentive measures prior to COP-9.

Above photo L-R: Sujata Arora and Desh Deepak Verma (India)

CANADA drew attention to recent research by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development on harmful subsidies.

Above photo: Timothy Hodges (Canada)


BIODIVERSITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE:





SWITZERLAND called for activities that contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Above photo: Robert Lamb (Switzerland)

TUVALU emphasized the importance of protecting coastal ecosystems, such as, coral reefs and mangrove forests as an effective measure to address climate change impacts.

Above photo: Ian Fry (Tuvalu)


WORKING GROUP II:


Above photo L-R: Valerie Normand (CBD) giving advice to WG-II Chair Sem Shikongo (Namibia)

PRIVATE SECTOR ENGAGEMENT: 



UNCTAD highlighted its BioTrade Initiative, focusing on involving small and medium-size enterprises.

Above photo: Rafael Sànchez (UNCTAD)

The INTERNATIONAL FINANCE CORPORATION underscored the importance of creative, market-based mechanisms to value biodiversity and best practices for biodiversity conservation.

Above photo: Catherine Cassagne (IFC)
ECOROPA cautioned against emphasizing the role of the private sector as opposed to other stakeholders involved in the Convention implementation.

Above photo L-R: Ricarda Steinbrecher (Federation of German Scientists) and Christine von Weizsäcker (ECOROPA)

ABS:


International regime:


Malaysia, for G-77/CHINA, supported using the text agreed in the fourth meeting of the ABS Working Group (ABS-4).

Above photo: Gurdial Singh (Malaysia)

AUSTRALIA opposed, noting the ABS-4 outcome is not an agreed document.

Above photo L-R: David Dutton and Julie Dowdle (Australia)

The US noted that the last two ABS meetings had not brought parties closer on basic concepts and welcomed the discussion as suggested by AUSTRALIA. 

Above photo L-R: Terry Williams, Doug Neumann, and Mary Rowen (US)



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Daily web coverage:
20 March - 21 March - 22 March - 23 March - 24 March
27 March - 28 March - 29 March - 30 March - 31 March
 

Related Links
CBD Secretariat
COP8 / MOP3 CBD Secretariat website
COP8 / MOP3 Brazilian Secretariat website
Global Message of Dr. Ahmed Djoghlaf on achieving the 2010 Biodiversity Target
Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety Web page
COP-8 Documents
COP/MOP-3 Documents
UNEP
Global Environment Facility (GEF) 
UNFCCC
UNCCD
FAO
UNESCO
WIPO
IUCN
International Institute for Sustainable Development

Links to ENB/YMB coverage
ENB coverage of COP/MOP-3
ENB coverage of COP-7
ENB coverage of ABS-4
ENB coverage of ABS-3
ENB coverage of WG-4 on Article 8(j) and related provisions of the CBD
ENB coverage of the UN Working Group on Marine Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction
ENB coverage of SBSTTA-11
ENB coverage of SBSTTA-10
ENB coverage of UNFCCC COP-11
ENB coverage of UNCCD COP-7
ENB coverage of CMS COP-8
ENB coverage of RAMSAR COP-9
ENB coverage of CMS COP-8
ENB coverage of WG-1 on Protected Areas 
ENB coverage of the Expert Workshop on Protected Areas 
ENB coverage of the Second Meeting of the CGRFA acting as the Interim Commitee for the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
IISD Linkages Biodiversity and Wildlife Recent Meetings

 
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