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Coverage of Selected Side Events at the Eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 11) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

8-19 October 2012 | Hyderabad, India

Coverage on Thursday, 18 October 2012

CBD COP 11
CBD COP 11
Go 4 BioDiv International Youth Forum performing "Livelihood" street theatre.
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Mobilizing Resources for Conservation: Marrying Public and Private Sector to Raise Revenue and Cut Costs.

Presented by the World Bank
Rosa Lemos (FUNBIO), noted that out of US$ 108 million of committed resources, US$ 20 million has been executed and 50 businesses have chosen the mechanism for compensation, with 39 projects in 29 PAs in Rio de Janerio having been developed.
Reflecting on a fiduciary responsibility for nature, Rachel Kyte emphasized: “If you are representing nature you need to drive the best bargain possible."
Gerard Bos, IUCN, observed that one of the most contentious issues is impact of business on natural resources dependent livelihoods.

Introducing the event, Rachel Kyte, World Bank, observed that when biodiversity's full potential is realized, it can become an engine for inclusive growth. She called for new finance models, emphasizing that every public dollar has to work really hard to leverage additional resources through the most effective transfer mechanisms.

Rosa Lemos, Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (FUNBIO), provided an overview of her organization’s role in environmental compensation in Brazil. She explained that environmental compensations are private resources for public purposes, whereby companies identify, prevent, mitigate and compensate impacts of their business in order to receive a license to operate. Explaining that FUNBIO manages the financial resources, Lemos highlighted the Atlantic Forest Fund designed by her organization to enhance environmental investments in the State of Rio de Janerio.

Gerard Bos, IUCN, emphasized the need to leverage greater change by influencing sectors rather than individual companies. He highlighted three areas of work: focusing on change on the ground; working on supply chains by looking at standards and sustainability criteria to integrate biodiversity elements into the supply chains; and working with leveraging sectors, including financial institutions.

Andrew Deutz, TNC, discussed efforts to enable companies to make the transition towards understanding investment opportunities in nature, observing that, “it makes sense to the bottom line.” Citing Water Funds as an example in Quito, Ecuador, he noted that people are willing to pay to improve and protect sources of drinking water, noting efforts to scale-up this model.

Jonathan Davis, Liberia, highlighted experiences and the role of resource mobilization for conservation. He called for a “holistic approach” towards implementing the Convention. Davis emphasized that implementing the CBD Strategic Plan will require an ambitious and realistic financial mechanism, noting that the figures proposed during COP 11 are not commensurate with the discussions on targets. He also highlighted implementation challenges in his country.

Reflecting on the discussions, Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, Peru, stressed that compensation is a good system for operational responsibility, noting the need for flexibility in terms of sources of finance, as well as a regulatory framework for transformational change.

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More Information:

www.worldbank.org
www.funbio.org.br

Contacts:

Elisabeth Mealey
emealey@worldbank.org

Rosa Lemos
rosa.lemos@funbio.org.br

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Launch of UNDP’s Biodiversity and Ecosystems Global Framework 2012-2020

Presented by UNDP
Rejoice Mabudafhasi, South Africa, discussed integrating biodiversity into their development goals and into sector-based guidelines.
Rebeca Grynspan, UNDP, stressed that the biodiversity agenda means we have to change consumption and production patterns, and for that politics and strong institutions are critical.

Nik Sekhran, UNDP, underscored the need to shift the development paradigm to address the drivers of biodiversity loss and recognize contributions of ecosystems for sustainable development.

Rebeca Grynspan, UNDP, launched the framework “The Future we Want: Biodiversity and Ecosystems Driving Sustainable Development.” She explained how it responds to the CBD Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and will both underpin UNDP operations and promote inclusive green development. Grynspan described it as a shared vision and commitment linking biodiversity, ecosystems, livelihoods, food security, water, health, poverty reduction, and ecosystem resilience.

Nik Sekhran, UNDP, outlined the three signature programmes of the Framework: integrating biodiversity and ecosystem management into development planning and sectors to safeguard biodiversity; unlocking the potential for PAs and indigenous and community conserved areas to conserve biodiversity and contribute to sustainable development; and managing and rehabilitating ecosystems for climate change adaptation and mitigation.

Braulio Dias, SCBD, stressed that the Aichi Targets would not be met without incorporating biodiversity as a solution into development agendas. He underscored the need to go beyond “pilot projects” and focus on upscaling programmes and enhancing partnerships to support biodiversity mainstreaming.

Naoko Ishii, GEF; congratulated UNDP on the Framework and noted that it provided an example to other partners on how to achieve the Aichi Targets, which she stressed required a landscape and sector-wide approach to mainstreaming.

David Ainsworth, SCBD, moderated a roundtable discussion on country approaches. Sukarno Wagiman, Malaysia, provided examples from marine protected areas, also noting the integration of biodiversity into the national development plan. Rejoice Mabudafhasi, South Africa, discussed experience with integrating biodiversity into national development and poverty reduction programmes that provide skills development while promoting sustainable land and water management.

Francisco Gaetani, Brazil, addressed the politics of biodiversity, noting the review of regulatory frameworks and reformulating dialogues with the production sector, social movements, and civil society. Pia Bucella, EC, discussed mainstreaming biodiversity into the EU Development Policy as well as sector policies, such as those for agriculture. Henriette Killi Westhrin, Norway, highlighted synergies between climate, biodiversity, and human well-being and discussed Norway’s Climate and Forest Initiative.

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Panel L-R: Francisco Gaetani, Brazil, Pia Bucella, EC, Naoko Ishii, GEF, Rebeca Grynspan, UNDP, Braulio Dias, SCBD, Henriette Killi Westhrin, Norway, and Rejoice Mabudafhasi, South Africa
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More Information:

www.undp.org/biodiversity

Contacts:

Caroline Petersen
caroline.petersen@undp.org

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LOCAL ACTION MOVES THE WORLD: CITIES AS IMPLEMENTATION AGENTS

Presented by ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability

Katsutoshi Oikawa, Tokyo Metropolitan Government, discussed Tokyo’s green building programme.

Lena Chan, National Biodiversity Centre, Singapore, responded to questions from participants on the City Biodiversity Index.

Anthea Stephens, SANBI, stressed integrating biodiversity into the fabric of people’s lives and ensuring they can access the services ecosystems provide.

Russell Galt, ICLEI, introduced the session, which provided examples of ecosystem-based solutions for urban development and highlighted those that are cost-effective, generate multiple co-benefits, and engage local governments. Presenters illustrated how local governments are taking steps to integrate biodiversity and ecosystem services into policy and planning.

Lena Chan, National Biodiversity Centre, Singapore, highlighted how the National Parks Board collaborates with urban planners in implementing the national biodiversity strategy and action plan. She discussed: work on enhancing connectivity of green spaces and creating corridors; planting native species; integrated urban coastal management; and public awareness and education campaigns. Chan also underscored raising awareness of biodiversity and institutional cooperation across municipal departments.

Katsutoshi Oikawa, Tokyo Metropolitan Government, Japan, reported that efforts to green the urban environment have been implemented since 1972. He discussed Tokyo’s Green Plan 2012, the city biodiversity strategy, which promotes: the conservation of existing areas; the creation of new green space; enhancing connectivity; and promoting sustainable use. He also described new greening standards for building developments, which require 20 – 25% of roofs, walls, or terraces to be planted.

Anthea Stephens, South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI), provided examples of mainstreaming biodiversity into urban planning in Johannesburg and Pretoria, including: creating legally recognized PAs; ecosystem restoration; mainstreaming biodiversity into production landscapes; and developing bioregional plans that are required by law to be used in urban development planning processes. She also discussed how national tools and approaches, such as biodiversity priority area mapping, are scaled down and used to inform land-use planning at local levels. Stephens underscored the concept of “value offering” of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and stressed that this must be communicated to decision-makers and incorporated into policy and planning.

Andre Mader, SCBD, updated participants on the concurrent Cities for Life Summit, and its major outputs. He reported on how the issue of cities as important implementing agents for the CBD was being communicated across the Convention’s programmes of work.

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More Information:

www.iclei.org/biodiversity

Contacts:

Russel Galt
russell.galt@iclei.org

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Related Links
CBD resources
*Side events website
*CBD COP 11 website
*CBD COP 11 meeting documents
*CBD COP 11 revised annotations to the provisional agenda
*Draft decisions for CBD COP 11
*Information for participants
*Live webcast
*Press conferences
*High-Level Segment
*Communication, Education and Public Awareness (CEPA) Fair 2012
*Host country website

IISD RS resources
*IISD RS coverage of the Rio Conventions Pavilion at CBD COP 11, 9-18 October 2012, Hyderabad, India
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP 11, 8-19 October 2012, Hyderabad, India
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP-MOP 6, 1-5 October 2012, Hyderabad, India
*IISD RS coverage of the Second Meeting of the Open-ended Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ICNP-2), 2-6 July 2012, New Delhi, India
*IISD RS coverage of the Rio Conventions Pavilion, 13-22 June 2012, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
*IISD RS coverage of the Fourth Meeting of the Working Group on the Review of Implementation (WGRI 4) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 7-11 May 2012, International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Montreal, Canada
*IISD RS coverage of the Sixteenth meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA 16) under the CBD, 30 April - 5 May 2012, ICAO headquarters, Montreal, Canada
*IISD RS coverage of CBD SBSTTA 15, 7-11 November 2011, Montreal, Canada
*IISD RS coverage of the Seventh Meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Article 8(j) and Related Provisions (Article 8(j) WG 7) of the CBD, 31 October - 4 November 2011, Montreal, Canada
*IISD RS coverage of the First Meeting of the Open-ended Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ICNP-1), 5-10 June 2011, Montreal, Canada
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP 10, 18-29 October 2010, Nagoya, Japan
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at CBD COP 10, 18-29 October 2010, Nagoya, Japan
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP-MOP 5, 11-15 October 2010, Nagoya, Japan
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP 9, 19-30 May 2008, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at CBD COP 9, 19-30 May 2008, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP 8, 20-31 March 2006, Curitiba, Brazil
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at CBD COP 8, 20-31 March 2006, Curitiba, Brazil
*IISD RS biodiversity and wildlife page
*Biodiversity-L - A mailing list for news on biodiversity and wildlife policy
*Biodiversity Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing International Biodiversity Policy
*SIDS Policy and Practice - A Knowledgebase on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States
*Sustainable Energy Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of Sustainable Energy Activities
*Sustainable Development Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of International Activities Preparing for the UN Conference on Sustainable Development
*Climate Change Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing Global Climate Change Policy
*Linkages Update - Bi-weekly international environment and sustainable development news
*African Regional Coverage
*Latin America and Caribbean Regional Coverage
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