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Coverage of Selected Side Events at the Eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 11) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

8-19 October 2012 | Hyderabad, India

Coverage on Friday, 12 October 2012

CBD COP 11
CBD COP 11
Flags outside the Hyderabad International Convention Centre
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Launch of NBSAP Support Partnership

Presented by UNEP-WCMC on behalf of SCBD, UNDP, and UNEP
David Duthie, SCBD, underscored that NBSAPs should be transformative in driving the development agenda.
Braulio Dias, SCBD, described the Forum as a mechanism for sharing national experiences and lessons learned, and as a partnership that will support the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity and the Aichi Targets at regional, national, and local levels.
Jessica Smith, UNEP-WCMC, noted that the forum will assist countries transform NBSAPs to meet the biodiversity challenges of the next decade.

Braulio Dias, Executive Secretary, SCBD, opened the event with a brief analysis of challenges earlier NBSAPs faced, such as lack of compliance and limited cross-sectoral mainstreaming. Dias underscored that the next generation of NBSAPs should be strategic implementation instruments that are adopted as national policies. He stressed that the NBSAP Forum would play a crucial role in providing support to the NBSAP revision process, and urged partners to join the partnership.

Jessica Smith, UNEP-WCMC, explained that the NBSAP Forum is envisioned to be a community of practice that will provide easy to access and targeted technical resources such as: case studies; peer and expert reviews; e-learning modules; and practical guidelines. She observed that the goal was to enable diverse actors to come together online and in person to share knowledge, experiences, and resources.

Mark Zimsky, GEF, discussed the importance of revising NBSAPs to be strategic instruments focused on addressing the drivers of biodiversity loss rather than project wish-lists. He reported that 111 countries have been approved, and have accessed GEF funds to revise their NBSAPs.

Nik Sekhran, UNDP, highlighted that the forum would support countries in linking NBSAPs to national development policy and financing frameworks. He noted that this would be done through support mechanisms such as: online webinars; a consultants roster; sub-regional learning groups; a help desk function for queries; centres of excellence supporting NBSAPs; and direct technical assistance through implementing agencies and the GEF.

Neville Ash, UNEP, discussed UNEPs work through regional offices on NBSAPs, including valuation of ecosystems services, cross-sectoral mainstreaming, and national indicators. He reported that UNEP was collaborating with partners to raise funds for the partnership.

David Duthie, SCBD, reviewed the technical support SCBD is providing to parties on NBSAPs and national targets, through capacity-development workshops and initiatives focused on legal preparedness and biodiversity mainstreaming.

During the question and answer session, participants highlighted the importance of securing political will, transforming NBSAPs into legal instruments, and integrating biodiversity into national budgets.

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L-R: Jessica Smith, UNEP-WCMC, Diane Klaimi, UNEP-ROWA, Braulio Dias, SCBD, David Duthie, SCBD, Nik Sekhran, UNDP, Neville Ash, UNEP, and Mark Zimsky, GEF.
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Climate Change, Agriculture Biodiversity and Food Security

Presented by South Asia Watch on Trade Economic and Environment (SAWTEE)
Suresh Singh, CUTS International, highlighted South Asia’s vulnerability to climate change compounded by geographical diversity, population density and poverty.
Ane Jørem, Fridtjof Nansens Institute, outlined her organization's work on examining how the CBD and ITPGRFA have been implemented in India and Nepal.
Krishna Paudel, Ministry of Forests, Nepal, emphasized the need for an integrated approach to ecosystem management and a broader multi-stakeholder participatory platform.

Ratnakar Adhikari, SAWTEE, noted that only a handful of multinational companies control the global supply of seeds and they promote the use of proprietary seeds. He observed that the increasing monoculture is also making farmers vulnerable to climate change. Adhikari called for a robust ABS mechanism with incentives for rewarding farmers for breeding new seed varieties.

Krishna Paudel, Ministry of Forests, Nepal, observed that climate change is expected to result in a substantial reduction in food production and that some wild crop varieties could soon become extinct. He called for: promoting the importance of traditional seed systems, particularly to the scientific community; encouraging local communities to maintain, share and use traditional agricultural seeds and breeds; developing new climate change resistant and resilient seed varieties; engaging the private sector in biodiversity conservation; and encouraging the diversification of food crops in farming systems.

Suresh Singh, Centre for International Trade, Economics & Environment (CUTS) International, emphasized the need to understand impacts at the local level and implement useful adaptive practices. He highlighted a study conducted in conjunction with Oxfam novib aimed at understanding marginal farmers’ perceptions on climate change impacts and ascertaining measures to ensure sustainable livelihoods. He said perceptions on adaptive steps by farmers included: switching to climate resilient agriculture and crops; and replacing water intensive crops.

Pratap Shrestha, USC Canada Asia, noted that from the fourth Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 10-12% of greenhouse gas emissions are largely derived from modern agricultural production and distribution systems, mono cropping and high external inputs. He drew attention to the lack of a specific COP-11 agenda item on agricultural biodiversity and the narrow focus on mitigation under UNFCCC with limited attention on agricultural biodiversity.

Ane Jørem, Fridtjof Nansens Institute, highlighted her institution’s work on conditions for the successful implementation of certain international agreements, which examines implementation of the CBD and IPTGRFA, in India and Nepal and also considers prospects for further implementation. She noted the work that India has done on implementing polices for the sustainable management of crops and described Nepal as a country endowed with a rich heritage of plant genetic resources being impacted by climate change.

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L-R: Ane Jørem, Fridtjof Nansens Institute, Pratap Shrestha, USC Canada Asia, Suresh Singh, CUTS International, Krishna Paudel, Ministry of Forests, Nepal, and Ratnakar Adhikari, SAWTEE
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More Information:

www.sawtee.org
www.cuts-citee.org
www.fni.no

Contacts:

Suresh Singh
sps@cuts.org

Pratap Shrestha
pshreshtha@usc-asia.org

Neville Ash
aej@fni.no

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The Role of Ecological Networks in the Conservation of Migratory Species

Presented by the Norwegian Ministry of Environment and UNEP-CMS
Laura Cerasi, CMS, noted that major threats to migratory species include habitat fragmentation and loss, barriers to migration, by-catch, and poaching.
Pablo Manzano, IUCN, highlighted the conservancy model, where private landowners protect and manage large chunks of land in order to achieve high income from tourists.
Lajla White, Norwegian Ministry of the Environment, underscored the importance of international cooperation and collaboration on ecological networks for maintaining global biodiversity.

This side event was moderated by Bert Lenten, CMS, and addressed ecological networks and shared case studies on integrating the concept into the design of protected areas (PAs) and on building strategic alliances internationally to identify critical sites and coordinate conservation efforts.

Laura Cerasi, CMS, introduced the concept of ecological networks, and summarized the work of CMS in this area. She explained that ecological networks promote connectivity between biodiversity hotspots and habitats used by species through corridors and stepping stones. Providing concrete examples from migrations of birds, mammals, and aquatic species, she highlighted priorities for ecological networks, including: conserving critical sites along major migration routes; restoring threatened habitats; creating incentives to reduce unsustainable use of species; and conducting environmental impact assessments and strategic environmental assessments for infrastructure projects that impact on migratory species.

On the way forward, Cerasi stressed that the first step will be to map critical sites along migration routes. She also summarized CMS Resolution 10.3 on ecological networks, which calls on parties to cooperate and share information on ecological networks. She noted that the resolution requests the CMS Scientific Council to conduct a strategic review of PA systems and initiatives aimed at promoting ecological networks to address the needs of migratory species throughout their migratory ranges.

Lajla Tunaal White, Norway, noted that the Norwegian government has provided funding to CMS to improve understanding of networks and key sites in order to replicate lessons and best practices. She offered two examples: White Earned Kob conservation in South Sudan, where there are efforts to strengthen cross-boundary cooperation and engage the agriculture sector and local communities; and threatened Lesser White Fronted Goose, where the Norwegian government is strengthening cooperation with other countries along the birds migration route.

Pablo Manzano, IUCN, presented on migratory wildlife and pastrolism: a possible and necessary coexistence. He highlighted the role of mobile pastoralists, as custodians and protectors of wild migratory species routes, which helps to boost the ecological function of these routes. He also noted that livestock is important for ecosystem functions such as dispersal of insects and seeds, landscape shaping, fertilziation and disturbance.

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Laura Cerasi, CMS, Bert Lenten, CMS, Pablo Manzano, IUCN, and Lajla Tunaal White, Norway
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More Information:

www.www.cms.int

Contacts:

Laura Cerasi
lcerasi@cms.int

Pablo Manzano
pablo.manzano@iucn.org


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Related Links
CBD resources
*Side events website
*CBD COP 11 website
*CBD COP 11 meeting documents
*CBD COP 11 revised annotations to the provisional agenda
*Draft decisions for CBD COP 11
*Information for participants
*Live webcast
*Press conferences
*High-Level Segment
*Communication, Education and Public Awareness (CEPA) Fair 2012
*Host country website

IISD RS resources
*IISD RS coverage of the Rio Conventions Pavilion at CBD COP 11, 9-18 October 2012, Hyderabad, India
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP 11, 8-19 October 2012, Hyderabad, India
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP-MOP 6, 1-5 October 2012, Hyderabad, India
*IISD RS coverage of the Second Meeting of the Open-ended Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ICNP-2), 2-6 July 2012, New Delhi, India
*IISD RS coverage of the Rio Conventions Pavilion, 13-22 June 2012, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
*IISD RS coverage of the Fourth Meeting of the Working Group on the Review of Implementation (WGRI 4) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 7-11 May 2012, International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Montreal, Canada
*IISD RS coverage of the Sixteenth meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA 16) under the CBD, 30 April - 5 May 2012, ICAO headquarters, Montreal, Canada
*IISD RS coverage of CBD SBSTTA 15, 7-11 November 2011, Montreal, Canada
*IISD RS coverage of the Seventh Meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Article 8(j) and Related Provisions (Article 8(j) WG 7) of the CBD, 31 October - 4 November 2011, Montreal, Canada
*IISD RS coverage of the First Meeting of the Open-ended Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ICNP-1), 5-10 June 2011, Montreal, Canada
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP 10, 18-29 October 2010, Nagoya, Japan
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at CBD COP 10, 18-29 October 2010, Nagoya, Japan
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP-MOP 5, 11-15 October 2010, Nagoya, Japan
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP 9, 19-30 May 2008, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at CBD COP 9, 19-30 May 2008, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP 8, 20-31 March 2006, Curitiba, Brazil
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at CBD COP 8, 20-31 March 2006, Curitiba, Brazil
*IISD RS biodiversity and wildlife page
*Biodiversity-L - A mailing list for news on biodiversity and wildlife policy
*Biodiversity Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing International Biodiversity Policy
*SIDS Policy and Practice - A Knowledgebase on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States
*Sustainable Energy Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of Sustainable Energy Activities
*Sustainable Development Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of International Activities Preparing for the UN Conference on Sustainable Development
*Climate Change Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing Global Climate Change Policy
*Linkages Update - Bi-weekly international environment and sustainable development news
*African Regional Coverage
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